Reproduction of Xiphias gladius
Document source:
Main Ref. Nakamura, I., 1985
Mode dioecism
Fertilization external
Mating type
Spawning frequency Variable throughout range
Batch spawner Yes.   Ref.  Murua, H. and F. Saborido-Rey, 2003
Reproductive guild nonguarders
open water/substratum egg scatterers
Parental Care
Description of life cycle and mating behavior In the Atlantic Ocean, spawning occurs in the upper water layer at depths between 0 and 75 m, at temperatures around 23°C, and salinity of 33.8 to 37.4 ppt. The distribution of larval broadbill swordfish in the Pacific Ocean indicates that spawning occurs mainly in waters with a temperature of 24°C or more. Spawning appears to occur in all seasons in equatorial waters, but is restricted to spring and summer at higher latitudes (Ref. 30448). Fertilisation in broadbill swordfish is external and pairing of solitary males and females is thought to occur when spawning (Ref. 9742). Broadbill swordfish are reported to spawn in the upper layers of the water column, from the surface to a depth of 75 m (Ref. 43). Estimates of egg numbers vary considerably, from 1 million to 16 million in 168,000 g female (Ref. 9742) and 29 million in a 272,000 g female (Ref. 30372).
Search for more references on reproduction Scirus
(e.g. 9948)
( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G. on 03.14.94
Modified by Luna, Susan M. on 08.10.07
Checked by Torres, Armi G. on 03.27.95
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