References Used for Gymnotus carapo
n = 93
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Reference no. Description Year Named Used Page
1652 Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p. 1758 Gymnotus carapo 246
205 Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 1966 Gymnotus carapo 173; 636-637
10531 Black-Cleworth, P., 1970. The role of electric discharges in the non-reproductive social behavior of Gymnotus carapo (Gymnotidae, Pisces). Anim. Behav. Monogr. 3:1-77. 1970 Gymnotus carapo -->
2209 Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen, 1972. Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Amer. Nat. 106(951):621-644. 1972 Gymnotus carapo -->
10532 Westby, G.W.M., 1975. Has the latency dependent response of Gymnotus carapo to discharge-triggered stimuli a bearing on electric fish communication?. J. Comp. Physiol. 96:307-341. 1975 Gymnotus carapo -->
10533 Westby, G.W.M., 1975. Further analysis of the individual discharge characteristics predicting social dominance in the electric fish, Gymnotus carapo. Anim. Behav. 223:249-260. 1975 Gymnotus carapo -->
10836 Pimentel-Souza, F., J.B. Pereira and N.P. Alvarenga, 1976. Comportamento, termorregulaçao e aclimaçao em temperaturas elevadas do peixe elétrico Gymnotus. Ciencia e Cultura 28:940-944. 1976 Gymnotus carapo -->
557 Wheeler, A., 1977. Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p. 1977 Gymnotus carapo 209
9574 Lindsey, C.C., 1978. Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York. 1978 Gymnotus carapo -->
8973 Vasil'ev, V.P., 1980. Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 1980 Gymnotus carapo 8
7494 Varjo, M., 1981. Kalannimiluettelo (List of Finnish fish names). Luonnon Tutkija 85:1-60. 1981 Gymnotus carapo -->
10831 Kramer, B., J. Tautz and H. Markl, 1981. The EOD sound response in weakly electric fish. J. Comp. Physiol. 143A:435-441. 1981 Gymnotus carapo -->
29395 Foresti, F., L.F. Almeida Toledo and S.A. Toledo F, 1981. Polymorphic nature of nucleolus organizer regions in fishes. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 31(3):137-144. 1981 Gymnotus carapo -->
10884 Barbieri, G. and M. Barbieri-Cruz, 1983. Growth and first sexual maturation size of Gymnotus carapo (Linnaeus 1758) (Pisces, Gymnotidae) in the Lobo Reservoir (State of Sao Paulo, Brazil). Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 16(2):195-201. 1983 Gymnotus carapo -->
30503 Rass, T.S., 1983. Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p. 1983 Gymnotus carapo -->
29255 Foresti, F., L.F. de Almeida Toledo and S.A. Toledo, 1984. Chromosome studies in Gymnotus carapo and Gymnotus sp. (Pisces, Gymnotidae). Caryologia 37(1-2):141-146. 1984 Gymnotus carapo -->
86306 Nomura, H., 1984. Nomes científicos dos peixes e seus correspondentes nomes vulgares. In H. Nomura (ed.). Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Editerra, Brasília, Brasil: 27-63. 1984 Gymnotus carapo -->
11229 Cordiviola de Yuan, E. and C. Pignalberi de Hassan, 1985. Fish population in the Paraná River: lentic environments of Diamante and San Pedro areas (Argentine Republic). Hydrobiologia 127:213-218. 1985 Gymnotus carapo 215
9086 Lopez, H.L., R.C. Menni and A.M. Miguelarena, 1987. Lista de los peces de agua dulce de la Argentina. Biologia Acuatica No. 12, 50 p. (Instituto de Limnologia "Dr. Raul A. Ringuelet"). 1987 Gymnotus carapo 21
34589 Foresti, F., 1987. Estudos cromossômicos em Gymnotiformes (Pisces, Ostariophysi). "Livre Docência" Thesis, Inst. Basico de Biol. Médica e Agricola, Uni. Estad. Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu. 1987 Gymnotus carapo -->
7020 Mills, D. and G. Vevers, 1989. The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey. 208 p. 1989 Gymnotus carapo 119
26297 Winemiller, K.O., 1989. Ontogenetic diet shifts and resource partitioning among piscivorous fishes in the Venezuelan ilanos. Environ. Biol. Fish. 26:177-199. 1989 Gymnotus carapo tab.1-3
9960 Lighthill, J. and R. Blake, 1990. Biofluidynamics of balistiform and gymnotiform locomotion. Part 1. Biological background and analysis by elongated-body theory. J. Fluid Mech. 212:183-207. 1990 Gymnotus carapo -->
1672 Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1991. Aquarien Atlas. Band. 1. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 992 p. 1991 Gymnotus carapo 840
4517 Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1991 Gymnotus carapo -->
4517 Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1991 Gymnotus fasciatus -->
4537 Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 1991 Gymnotus carapo 74
9082 Barriga, R., 1991. Peces de agua dulce del Ecuador. Revista de Informacion tecnico-cientifica, Quito, Ecuador, Politecnica, XVI(3):7-88. 1991 Gymnotus carapo 39
10834 Barrio, L.C., A. Caputi, L. Crispino and W. Bruno, 1991. Electric organ discharge frequency modulation evoked by water vibration in Gymnotus carapo. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100A:555-562. 1991 Gymnotus carapo -->
7052 Porto, J.I.R., E. Feldberg, C.M. Nakayama and J.N. Falcao, 1992. A checklist of chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Amazonian freshwater fishes. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 25(4):287-299. 1992 Gymnotus carapo -->
34459 Bordenave, S., P.A. Lopez, M.C.P. Beltrami and A.S. Fenocchio, 1992. Levantamento citogenético em peixes do Rio Paraná (Chaco, Argentina). III. Gymnotus carapo (Pisces, Gymnotoidei). p. 42. In IV. Simp. Citogenet. Evol. e Aplic. De Peixes Neotropicais, Rio de Janeiro-R.J. 1992 Gymnotus carapo -->
34575 Fernandes, F.M.C., L.F. Almeida-Toledo and S.A. Toledo, 1992. Ocorrência de triploidia natural em Gymnotus carapo (Pisces, Gymnotoidei). p. 41. In IV. Simp. Citogenet. Evol. e Aplic. de Peixes Neotropicais, Rio de Janeiro-RJ. 1992 Gymnotus carapo -->
26457 Mago-Leccia, F., 1994. Electric fishes of the continental waters of America. Fundacion para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Fisicas, Matematicas y Naturales (FUDECI), Biblioteca de la Academia de Ciencias Fisicas. Matematicas y Naturales, Caracas, Venezuela. vol. 29 . 206 p. 1994 Gymnotus carapo 55
34461 Borin, L.A. and H.F. Julio, 1994. Ocorrencia de um novo citótipo de Gymnotus carapo (Siluriformes - Gymnotoidei) no alto Paraná. p. 43. In V. Simp. Citogenet. Evol. e Aplica. de Peixes Neotropicais, Botucatu-SP. 1994 Gymnotus carapo -->
34576 Fernandes, F.M.C., L.F. Almeida-Toledo and S.A. Toledo, 1994. Descriçao de um novo citótipo no gênero Gymnotus (Pisces, Siluriformes) em rios da Bacia superior do Paraná. p. 44. In V. Simp. Citogenet. Evol. e Aplic. de Peixes Neotropicais, Botucatu-SP. 1994 Gymnotus carapo -->
10011 Møller, P.R., 1995. Electric fishes: history and behavior. Chapman & Hall, London. 584 p. 1995 Gymnotus carapo 180;388;236-240
11225 Kenny, J.S., 1995. Views from the bridge: a memoir on the freshwater fishes of Trinidad. Julian S. Kenny, Maracas, St. Joseph, Trinidad and Tobago. 98 p. 1995 Gymnotus carapo 42,53
34370 Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven, 1995. Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 1995 Gymnotus carapo 102,103
12225 Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p. 1996 Gymnotus carapo 412
13371 Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch, 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1. 10th edition. Mergus Verlag GmBH, Melle, Germany. 992 p. 1996 Gymnotus carapo 840
26076 Pavanelli, C.S. and E.P. Caramaschi, 1997. Composition of the ichthyofauna of two small tributaries of the Paraná river, Porto Roci, Paraná State, Brazil. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(1):23-31. 1997 Gymnotus carapo 26
26147 Benedito-Cecilio, E., A.A. Agostinho and R.C.C.-M. Velho, 1997. Length-weight relationship of fishes caught in the Itaipu Reservoir, Paraná, Brazil. Naga ICLARM Q. 20(3/4):57-61. 1997 Gymnotus carapo -->
26681 Castro, R.M.C. and L. Casatti, 1997. The fish fauna from a small forest stream of the Upper Parana River Basin, southern Brazil. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(3/4):337-352. 1997 Gymnotus carapo 337-352
27188 Boujard, T., M. Pascal, F.J. Meunier and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1997. Poissons de Guyane. Guide écologique de l'Approuague et de la réserve des Nouragues. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris, 219 p. 1997 Gymnotus carapo 155
26282 Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 1998. Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p. 1998 Gymnotus carapo -->
51153 Moravec, F., 1998. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the neotropical region. 464 p. Praha, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. 1998 Gymnotus carapo 191
30184 Arkhipchuk, V.V., 1999. Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk. 1999 Gymnotus carapo -->
31402 Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. 1999 Gymnotus carapo -->
31402 Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. 1999 Gymnotus fasciatus -->
31402 Swedish Museum of Natural History, 1999. Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. 1999 Sternopygus carapus -->
31517 Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p. 1999 Gymnotus carapo -->
31982 Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). 1999 Gymnotus carapo -->
31982 Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). 1999 Sternopygus carapus -->
36657 Albert, J.S., R. Froese, R. Bauchot and H. Ito, 1999. Diversity of brain size in fishes: preliminary analysis of a database including 1174 species in 45 orders. p. 647-656. In B. Seret and J.-Y. Sire (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, Noumea, New Caledonia, 3-8 November 1997. Societe Française d'Ichtyologie, Paris, France. 1999 Gymnotus carapo 650
35508 Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). 2000 Gymnotus carapo -->
36670 Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. 2000 Gymnotus carapo -->
38732 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes. 2001 Gymnotus carapo -->
38732 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes. 2001 Gymnotus fasciatus -->
40919 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. 2001 Gymnotus carapo -->
50076 Silvano, R.A.M. and A. Begossi, 2001. Seasonal dynamics of fishery at the Piracicaba River (Brazil). Fish. Res. 51(1):69-86. 2001 Gymnotus carapo 83
41414 Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA. 2002 Gymnotus carapo -->
42925 Campos-da-Paz, R., 2002. Gymnotus diamantinensis, a new species of electric knifefish from upper rio Arinos basin, Brazil (Ostariophysi: Gymnotidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(2):185-192. 2002 Gymnotus carapo 185,190
54736 Nión, H., C. Ríos and P. Meneses, 2002. Peces del Uruguay: Lista sistemática y nombres comunes. Montevideo, DINARA, Infopesca. 2002 Gymnotus carapo 18
36692 Campos-da-Paz, R., 2003. Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes). p. 483-486. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre EDIPUCRS, Brasil. 2003 Gymnotus carapo -->
47438 Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum. 2003 Gymnotus carapo -->
49716 Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2003. Seven new species of the neotropical electric fish Gymnotus (Teleostei, Gymnotiformes) with a redescription of G. carapo (Linnaeus). Zootaxa 287:1-54. 2003 Gymnotus carapo -->
49730 Crampton, W.G.R., N.R. Lovejoy and J.S. Albert, 2003. Gymnotus ucamara: a new species of neotropical electric fish from the Peruvian Amazon (Ostariophysi: Gymnotidae), with notes on ecology and electric organ discharges. Zootaxa 277:1-18. 2003 Gymnotus carapo 14
51471 Carl, H., 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished. 2003 Gymnotus carapo -->
51672 Leggatt, R.A. and G.K. Iwama, 2003. Occurrence of polyploidy in the fishes. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 13:237-246. 2003 Gymnotus carapo 241
58108 Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. http://zzzy.fishinfo.cn 2003 Gymnotus carapo -->
27745 Iguchi, K., N. Matsubara, T. Yodo and K. Maekawa, 2004. Individual food niche specialization in stream-dwelling charr. Ichthyol. Res. 51:321-326. 2004 Gymnotus carapo 342
51243 Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. 2004 Gymnotus carapo -->
79585 Zaniboni Filho, E., S. Meurer, O.A. Shibatta and A.P. de Oliverira Nuñer, 2004. Catálogo ilustrado de peixes do alto Rio Uruguai. Floriano?polis : Editora da UFSC : Tractebel Energia. 128 p. :col. ill., col. maps ; 25 cm. 2004 Gymnotus carapo 42
55570 Crampton, W.G.R. and C.D. Hopkins, 2005. Nesting and paternal care in the weakly electric fish, Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) with descriptions of larval and adult electric organ discharges of two species. Copeia 2005(1):48-60. 2005 Gymnotus carapo 48-60
56308 López, H.L., A.M. Miquelarena and J. Ponte Gómez, 2005. Biodiversidad y distribución de la ictiofauna Mesopotámica. Miscelánea 14:311-354. 2005 Gymnotus carapo 318
59052 Alonso, L.E. and H.J. Berrenstein, 2006. A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Coppename River Basin, Suriname. RAP Bull. Of Biol. Assessment 39:114-117. 2006 Gymnotus carapo 117
75964 Loureiro, M. and A. Silva, 2006. A new species of Brachyhypopomus (Gymnotiformes, Hypopomidae) from Northeast Uruguay. Copeia 2006(4):665-673. 2006 Gymnotus carapo 669
75549 FAO-FIES, 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis, 29 April 2008. 2008 Gymnotus carapo -->
86294 Barbosa, J.M. and K.S. Ferraz, 2008. Sistematização de nomes vulgares de peixes comerciais do Brasil: 1. Espécies dulciaqüícolas. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia de Pesca 3(3): 65-76. 2008 Gymnotus carapo -->
80565 Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2009. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2009. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2009. 2009 Gymnotus carapo -->
83882 FAO-FIES, 2010. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, March 2010. 2010 Gymnotus carapo -->
90062 FAO-FIES, 2012. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, March 2012. 2012 Gymnotus carapo -->
97589 Casatti, L., M.A. Pérez-Mayorga, F.R. Carvalho, G.L. Brejão and I.D. da Costa, 2013. The stream fish fauna from the rio Machado basin, Rondônia State, Brazil. Check List 9(6):1496-1504. 2013 Gymnotus carapo 1501
95632 FAO-FIES, 2014. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, April 2014. 2014 Gymnotus carapo -->
96513 da Costa, M.R., T. Moreti and F.G. Araújo, 2014. Length-weight relationships of 20 fish species in the Guandu River, Rio de Janeiro State, Southeastern Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30(1):200-201. 2014 Gymnotus carapo 200
101110 FAO-FIES, 2015. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, [accessed 13/04/2015]. 2015 Gymnotus carapo -->
105471 eElurikkus, 2015. eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed. http://elurikkus.ut.ee/ 2015 Gymnotus carapo -->
111342 da Costa, M.R., T. Moreti, W. Uehara, H.K. dos Santos and F.G. Araujo, 2015. Length-weight relationships for 15 fish species from Atlantic rain forest streams, southeastern Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 31:809-810. 2015 Gymnotus carapo 809
115257 FAO-FIES, 2017. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en (accessed 08/06/2017). 2017 Gymnotus carapo -->
116654 Saks, L., 2017. Estonian Common Names, Rank 2 Personal communication 2017 Gymnotus carapo -->
116917 Freitas, T.M.S., G.M. Dutra and G.N. Salvador, 2017. Length-weight relationships of 18 fish species from Paraíba do Sul basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 33:652-654. 2017 Gymnotus carapo 653
118272 FAO-FIES, 2018. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en [accessed May, 2018] 2018 Gymnotus carapo -->
118717 Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm, 2018. Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500. 2018 Gymnotus carapo -->
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