List of Nominal Species of Cynoglossidae
(Tonguefishes)
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Nominal Species (n = 246) Present allocation (n = 145) Ref.
Plagusia abbreviata Gray, 1834 Cynoglossus abbreviatus 5297
Cynoglossus acaudatus Gilchrist, 1906 Cynoglossus acaudatus 4418
Cynoglossus acinaces Jenkins, 1910 Cynoglossus lingua 5297
Plagusia acumineata Castelnau, 1875 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Cynoglossus acutirostris Norman, 1939 Cynoglossus acutirostris 5297
Symphurus arawak Robins & Randall, 1965 Symphurus arawak 7251
Pleuronectes arel Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Cynoglossus arel 9494
Symphurus atramentatus (non Jordan & Bollman, 1890) Symphurus oligomerus 10738
Symphurus atramentatus Jordan & Bollman, 1890 Symphurus atramentatus 9294
Aphoristia atricauda Jordan & Gilbert, 1880 Symphurus atricaudus 12965
Cynoglossus attenuatus Gilchrist, 1904 Cynoglossus attenuatus 5297
Cynoglossus aubentoni Stauch, 1966 Cynoglossus feldmanni 41261
Plagiusa aurolimbata Richardson, 1846 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Rhinoplagusia australis Rendahl, 1922 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Symphurus bathyspilus Krabbenhoft & Munroe, 2003 Symphurus bathyspilus 51120
Cynoglossus beauforti Chabanaud, 1951 Cynoglossus suyeni 5297
Plagusia bengalensis Bleeker, 1853 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Symphurus bergi Thompson, 1916 Symphurus jenynsi 26268
Achirus bilineatus Lacepède, 1802 Cynoglossus bilineatus 5297
Pleuronectes bilineatus Bloch, 1787 Paraplagusia bilineata 4418
Symphurus billykrietei Munroe, 1998 Symphurus billykrietei 26268
Plagusia blochii Bleeker, 1851 Paraplagusia blochii 26282
Plagusia borneensis Bleeker, 1858 Cynoglossus trulla 12693
Cynoglossus brachycephalus (non Bleeker, 1870) Cynoglossus gilchristi 4418
Cynoglossus brachycephalus Bleeker, 1870 Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Plagusia brachyrhynchos Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Plagusia brasiliensis Cuvier, 1831 Symphurus tessellatus 10879
Cynoglossus brevirostris (non Day, 1877) Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Cynoglossus brevirostris Day, 1877 Cynoglossus semifasciatus 5297
Plagusia brevirostris Kent, 1893 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Cynoglossus brevis Günther, 1862 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Cynoglossus broadhursti Waite, 1905 Cynoglossus broadhursti 5297
Cynoglossus buchanani Day, 1870 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Cynoglossus cadenati Chabanaud, 1947 Cynoglossus cadenati 5297
Cynoglossus cadenati honoris Chabanaud, 1949 Cynoglossus cadenati 6511
Symphurus callopterus Munroe & Mahadeva, 1989 Symphurus callopterus 9294
Cynoglossus canariensis Steindachner, 1882 Cynoglossus canariensis 5297
Trulla cantori Kaup, 1858 Cynoglossus trulla 5297
Trulla capensis Kaup, 1858 Cynoglossus capensis 4418
Trulla capensis (non Kaup, 1858) Cynoglossus zanzibarensis 4418
Symphurus caribbeanus Munroe, 1991 Symphurus caribbeanus 10879
Cynoglossus carpenteri Alcock, 1889 Cynoglossus carpenteri 5297
Arelia ceratophrys Kaup, 1858 Cynoglossus monopus 5297
Symphurus chabanaudi Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 Symphurus chabanaudi 9294
Symphurus civitatium Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus civitatium 10879
Cynoglossus cleopatridis Chabanaud, 1949 Cynoglossus dollfusi
Cynoglossus crepida Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani, 2017 Cynoglossus crepida 114855
Achirus cynoglossus Hamilton, 1822 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Cynoglossus deltae Jenkins, 1910 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Symphurus diabolicus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 Symphurus diabolicus 9294
Aphoristia diomedeana (non Goode & Bean, 1885) Symphurus pelicanus 26268
Aphoristia diomedeana Goode & Bean, 1885 Symphurus diomedeanus 26268
Aphoristia diomedeana (non Goode & Bean, 1885) Symphurus parvus 26268
Aphoristia diomedeana (non Goode & Bean, 1885) Symphurus stigmosus 26268
Cynoglossus diplasios Jordan & Evermann, 1902 Cynoglossus bilineatus 54621
Plagusia dipterigia Rüppell, 1830 Paraplagusia bilineata 93382
Cynoglossus dispar Day, 1877 Cynoglossus dispar 5297
Paraplagusia dollfusi Chabanaud, 1931 Cynoglossus dollfusi 26282
Cynoglossus dubius Day, 1873 Cynoglossus dubius 5297
Cynoglossus durbanensis Regan, 1921 Cynoglossus durbanensis 6806
Plagusia fasciata DeKay, 1842 Symphurus plagiusa 26268
Symphurus fasciolaris Gilbert, 1892 Symphurus fasciolaris 9294
Plagusia feldmanni Bleeker, 1854 Cynoglossus feldmanni 5297
Paraplagusia formosana Oshima, 1927 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Symphurus fuscus Brauer, 1906 Symphurus fuscus 43689
Cynoglossus gilchristi Regan, 1920 Cynoglossus gilchristi 4418
Aphoristia gilesii Alcock, 1889 Symphurus gilesii 4900
Symphurus ginsburgi Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976 Symphurus ginsburgi 26268
Cynoglossus goreensis Steindachner, 1882 Cynoglossus senegalensis 3608
Symphurus gorgonae Chabanaud, 1948 Symphurus gorgonae 9294
Cynoglossus gracilis Günther, 1873 Cynoglossus gracilis 5297
Cynoglossus guineensis Osório, 1909 Cynoglossus senegalensis 6806
Plagusia guttata Macleay, 1878 Paraplagusia guttata 36648
Cynoglossus hamiltonii (non Günther, 1862) Cynoglossus macrostomus 4833
Cynoglossus hamiltonii Günther, 1862 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Cynoglossus hardenbergi Norman, 1931 Cynoglossus feldmanni 5297
Cynoglossus heterolepis Weber, 1910 Cynoglossus heterolepis 5297
Areliscus hollandi Jordan & Metz, 1913 Cynoglossus gracilis 5297
Symphurus holothuriae Chabanaud, 1948 Symphurus microrhynchus 26267
Symphurus holothuriae (non Chabanaud, 1948) Symphurus microrhynchus 26267
Symphurus hondoensis Hubbs, 1915 Symphurus hondoensis 35979
Cynoglossus hunteri von Bonde, 1925 Cynoglossus lachneri 4418
Cynoglossus hunteri von Bonde, 1925 Cynoglossus acaudatus 5297
Symphurus insularis Munroe, Brito & Hernández, 2000 Symphurus insularis 36120
Cynoglossus intermedius Alcock, 1889 Cynoglossus lida 1550
Cynoglossus interruptus Günther, 1880 Cynoglossus interruptus 5297
Cynoglossus interruptus (non Günther, 1880) Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Trulla itina Snyder, 1909 Cynoglossus itinus 26282
Plagusia japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 Paraplagusia japonica 26282
Plagusia javanica Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Symphurus jenynsi Evermann & Kendall, 1906 Symphurus jenynsi 26268
Cynoglossus joyneri Günther, 1878 Cynoglossus joyneri 5297
Cynoglossus kapuasensis Fowler, 1905 Cynoglossus kapuasensis 5297
Cynoglossus kopsi digramma Chabanaud, 1951 Cynoglossus kopsii 93382
Cynoglossus kopsi digramma Chabanaud, 1951 Cynoglossus acaudatus 56787
Plagusia kopsii Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Symphurus kyaropterygium Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976 Symphurus kyaropterygium 26268
Cynoglossus lachneri Menon, 1977 Cynoglossus lachneri 5297
Plagusia lactea Bonaparte, 1833 Symphurus nigrescens 6511
Cynoglossus lagoensis Regan, 1915 Cynoglossus canariensis 2683
Symphurus leei Jordan & Bollman, 1890 Symphurus leei 9294
Symphurus leucochilus Lee, Munroe & Shao, 2014 Symphurus leucochilus 96676
Plagusia lida Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus lida 1550
Cynoglossus lighti Norman, 1925 Cynoglossus lighti 33837
Bibronia ligulata Cocco, 1844 Symphurus ligulatus 6511
Cynoglossus lineolatus Steindachner, 1867 Cynoglossus lineolatus 33837
Cynoglossus lingua (non Hamilton, 1822) Cynoglossus dollfusi 5297
Cynoglossus lingua Hamilton, 1822 Cynoglossus lingua 5297
Cynoglossus lingua (non Hamilton, 1822) Cynoglossus acaudatus 5297
Paraplagusia longirostris Chapleau, Renaud & Kailola, 1991 Paraplagusia longirostris 9224
Symphurus lubbocki Munroe, 1990 Symphurus lubbocki 10734
Cynoglossus luctuosus Chabanaud, 1948 Cynoglossus macrostomus 5297
Symphurus luzonensis Chabanaud, 1955 Symphurus luzonensis 36648
Cynoglossus maccullochi Norman, 1926 Cynoglossus maccullochi 9895
Cynoglossus maccullochi (non Norman, 1926) Cynoglossus maculipinnis 9895
Paraplagusia macrocephalus Bleeker, 1865 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Plagusia macrolepidota Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus macrolepidotus 40966
Cynoglossus macrophthalmus Norman, 1926 Cynoglossus macrophthalmus 3131
Symphurus macrophthalmus Norman, 1939 Symphurus macrophthalmus 43689
Plagusia macrorhynchos Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus lingua 5297
Cynoglossus macrostomus Norman, 1928 Cynoglossus macrostomus 3391
Cynoglossus maculipinnis Rendahl, 1921 Cynoglossus maculipinnis 5297
Symphurus maculopinnis Munroe, Tyler & Tunnicliffe, 2011 Symphurus maculopinnis 87974
Symphurus maldivensis Chabanaud, 1955 Symphurus maldivensis 30828
Aphoristia marginata Goode & Bean, 1886 Symphurus marginatus 26268
Aphoristia marginata (non Goode & Bean, 1886) Symphurus nebulosus 26268
Cynoglossus marleyi Regan, 1921 Cynoglossus marleyi 4418
Plagusia marmorata Bleeker, 1851 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Symphurus marmoratus Fowler, 1934 Symphurus marmoratus 311
Symphurus megasomus Lee, Chen & Shao, 2009 Symphurus megasomus 82423
Plagiusa melampetala Richardson, 1846 Cynoglossus melampetalus 33021
Plagusia melanopterus Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus monopus 5297
Symphurus melanurus Clark, 1936 Symphurus melanurus 9294
Symphurus melasmatotheca Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 Symphurus melasmatotheca 9294
Symphurus meridionalis de Lema & de Oliveira, 1977 Symphurus jenynsi 26268
Plagusia microlepis Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus microlepis 5297
Symphurus microlepis Garman, 1899 Symphurus microlepis 9294
Areliscus microphthalmus von Bonde, 1922 Cynoglossus capensis 4418
Cynoglossus microps Steindachner, 1897 Cynoglossus gracilis 5297
Aphoristia microrhynchus Weber, 1913 Symphurus microrhynchus 26267
Symphurus minor Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus minor 7251
Cynoglossus monodi Chabanaud, 1949 Cynoglossus monodi 5297
Plagusia monopus Bleeker, 1849 Cynoglossus monopus 5297
Symphurus monostigmus Munroe, 2006 Symphurus monostigmus 57441
Symphurus multimaculatus Lee, Munroe & Chen, 2009 Symphurus multimaculatus 82202
Areliscus natalensis von Bonde, 1922 Cynoglossus acaudatus 4418
Aphoristia nebulosa Goode & Bean, 1883 Symphurus nebulosus 26268
Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque, 1810 Symphurus nigrescens 6511
Plagiusa nigrolabeculata Richardson, 1846 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Cynoglossus nigropinnatus Ochiai, 1963 Cynoglossus nigropinnatus 36648
Symphurus normani Chabanaud, 1950 Symphurus normani 6511
Plagusia notata De Vis, 1883 Paraplagusia bilineata 6806
Symphurus novemfasciatus Shen & Lin, 1984 Symphurus novemfasciatus 33837
Symphurus ocellaris Munroe & Robertson, 2005 Symphurus ocellaris 75618
Symphurus ocellatus von Bonde, 1922 Symphurus ocellatus 4418
Cynoglossus ochiaii Yokogawa, endo & Sakaji, 2008 Cynoglossus ochiaii 75201
Symphurus oculellus Munroe, 1991 Symphurus oculellus 10879
Cynoglossus ogilbyi Norman, 1926 Cynoglossus ogilbyi 5297
Plagusia oligolepis Bleeker, 1855 Cynoglossus oligolepis 33837
Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 Symphurus oligomerus 9294
Symphurus ommaspilus Böhlke, 1961 Symphurus ommaspilus 5521
Aphoristia orientalis Bleeker, 1879 Symphurus orientalis 26282
Aphoristia ornata elongata Günther, 1868 Symphurus elongatus
Cynoglossus os Fowler, 1904 Cynoglossus lida 1550
Plagusia oxyrhynchos Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Symphurus paitensis Hildebrand, 1946 Symphurus williamsi 9294
Symphurus parvus (non Ginsburg, 1951) Symphurus diomedeanus 26268
Symphurus parvus (non Ginsburg, 1951) Symphurus kyaropterygium 26268
Symphurus parvus Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus parvus 7251
Symphurus pelicanus Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus pelicanus 7251
Cynoglossus pellegrini (non Wu, 1932) Cynoglossus gracilis 46206
Cynoglossus pellegrini Wu, 1932 Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus 44416
Aphoristia pigra Goode & Bean, 1886 Symphurus piger 12965
Aphoristia pigra (non Goode & Bean, 1886) Symphurus parvus 26268
Pleuronectes plagiusa Linnaeus, 1766 Symphurus plagiusa 12965
Pleuronectes plagusia Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Symphurus plagusia 12965
Plagusia polytaenia Bleeker, 1854 Cynoglossus lida 1550
Pleuronectes potous Cuvier, 1829 Cynoglossus lingua 5297
Cynoglossus pottii Steindachner, 1902 Cynoglossus pottii 40966
Cynoglossus praecisus Alcock, 1890 Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Symphurus prolatinaris Munroe, Nizinski & Mahadeva, 1991 Symphurus prolatinaris 9294
Symphurus pterospilotus (non Ginsburg, 1951) Symphurus billykrietei 26268
Symphurus pterospilotus Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus diomedeanus 26268
Symphurus pterospilotus (non Ginsburg, 1951) Symphurus tessellatus 10879
Cynoglossus punctatus Shen, 1969 Cynoglossus itinus 5297
Plagusia puncticeps Richardson, 1846 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Cynoglossus puncticeps immaculata Pellegrin & Chevey, 1940 Cynoglossus puncticeps 5297
Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus Regan, 1905 Cynoglossus purpureomaculatus 33837
Aphoristia pusilla Goode & Bean, 1885 Symphurus pusillus 12965
Plagusia quadrilineata Bleeker, 1851 Cynoglossus bilineatus 5297
Cynoglossus quinquelineatus Day, 1877 Cynoglossus bilineatus 5297
Symphurus regani Weber & de Beaufort, 1929 Symphurus regani 4900
Symphurus reticulatus Munroe, 1990 Symphurus reticulatus 10734
Areliscus rhomaleus Jordan & Starks, 1906 Cynoglossus semilaevis 5297
Symphurus rhytisma Böhlke, 1961 Symphurus rhytisma 5521
Plagusia robinsoni Regan, 1919 Paraplagusia bilineata 4418
Cynoglossus robustus Günther, 1873 Cynoglossus robustus 9137
Cynoglossus roulei Wu, 1932 Cynoglossus roulei 33837
Symphurus schultzi Chabanaud, 1955 Symphurus schultzi 36648
Cynoglossus sealarki Regan, 1908 Cynoglossus sealarki 5297
Cynoglossus semifasciatus Day, 1877 Cynoglossus semifasciatus 5297
Cynoglossus semifasciatus (non Day, 1877) Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Cynoglossus semilaevis Günther, 1873 Cynoglossus semilaevis 5297
Arelia senegalensis Kaup, 1858 Cynoglossus senegalensis 6806
Cynoglossus senegalensis browni Chabanaud, 1949 Cynoglossus browni 5297
Cynoglossus senegalensis simulator Chabanaud, 1949 Cynoglossus senegalensis 6805
Aphoristia septemstriata Alcock, 1891 Symphurus septemstriatus 26282
Symphurus seychellensis Chabanaud, 1955 Symphurus melanurus 26282
Cynoglossus sibogae Weber, 1913 Cynoglossus sibogae 33837
Cynoglossus sindensis Day, 1877 Cynoglossus bilineatus 5297
Paraplagusia sinerama Chapleau & Renaud, 1993 Paraplagusia sinerama 11691
Cynoglossus sinicus (non Wu, 1932) Cynoglossus trulla 5297
Cynoglossus sinicus Wu, 1932 Cynoglossus sinicus 33471
Dollfusichthys sinusarabici Chabanaud, 1931 Cynoglossus sinusarabici 5297
Cynoglossus solum Sauvage, 1878 Cynoglossus microlepis 5297
Symphurus stigmosus Munroe, 1998 Symphurus stigmosus 26268
Symphurus strictus Gilbert, 1905 Symphurus strictus 4418
Symphurus strictus (non Gilbert, 1905) Symphurus megasomus 82423
Symphurus strictus (non Gilbert, 1905) Symphurus hondoensis 35979
Symphurus strictus australis McCulloch, 1907 Symphurus australis 40966
Plagusia sumatrana Bleeker, 1854 Cynoglossus cynoglossus 5297
Symphurus sumptuosus Chabanaud, 1948 Symphurus diomedeanus 26268
Cynoglossus suyeni Fowler, 1934 Cynoglossus suyeni 5297
Plagusia tessellata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 Symphurus tessellatus 10879
Symphurus thermophilus Munroe & Hashimoto, 2008 Symphurus thermophilus 78522
Symphurus trewavasae Chabanaud, 1948 Symphurus trewavasae 26268
Aphoristia trifasciata Alcock, 1894 Symphurus trifasciatus 26267
Cynoglossus trigrammus Günther, 1862 Cynoglossus trigrammus 33471
Cynoglossus trigrammus (non Günther, 1862) Cynoglossus abbreviatus 5297
Cynoglossus trigrammus (non Günther, 1862) Cynoglossus microlepis 5297
Plagusia trulla Cantor, 1849 Cynoglossus trulla 36656
Symphurus undatus Gilbert, 1905 Symphurus undatus 35979
Symphurus undecimplerus Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 Symphurus undecimplerus 9294
Symphurus urospilus Ginsburg, 1951 Symphurus urospilus 12965
Symphurus vanmelleae Chabanaud, 1952 Symphurus vanmelleae 10734
Aphoristia variegata Gilchrist, 1903 Symphurus variegatus 4418
Symphurus varius Garman, 1899 Symphurus varius 9294
Cynoglossus versicolor Alcock, 1890 Cynoglossus kopsii 5297
Symphurus vittatus Weber, 1907 Paraplagusia guttata 33837
Plagusia waandersii Bleeker, 1854 Cynoglossus waandersii 5297
Symphurus williamsi Jordan & Culver, 1895 Symphurus williamsi 9294
Aphoristia woodmasoni Alcock, 1889 Symphurus woodmasoni 26282
Cynoglossus xiphoideus (non Günther, 1862) Cynoglossus suyeni 5297
Cynoglossus xiphoideus (non Günther, 1862) Cynoglossus abbreviatus 5297
Cynoglossus xiphoideus Günther, 1862 Cynoglossus microlepis 5297
Cynoglossus zanzibarensis Norman, 1939 Cynoglossus zanzibarensis 26282
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cfm script by eagbayani, 10.5.01 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12