Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pumpkinseed
Lepomis gibbosus
photo by Kohout, J.

 Family:  Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
 Max. size:  40 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 630.0 g; max. reported age: 12 years
 Environment:  benthopelagic; pH range: 7 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15, potamodromous
 Distribution:  North America: New Brunswick in Canada to South Carolina in the USA; Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and upper Mississippi basins from Quebec and New York west to southeast Manitoba and North Dakota, and south to north Kentucky and Missouri. Widely introduced. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
 Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 10-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-11; Vertebrae: 28-30
 Biology:  Adults inhabit vegetated lakes and ponds, as well as vegetated pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723). They feed on small fishes and other vertebrates (Ref. 1998), as well as fish eggs (Ref. 2058). An introduced species in Europe which avoids swift waters and occurs in estuaries with a salinity up to 18.2 ppt (Ref. 59043). Reported in Europe to prey on a wide variety of invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Considered undesirable catch (Ref. 30578).
 IUCN Red List Status:   (Ref. 96402)
 Threat to humans:  potential pest
 Country info:   
 

 Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
 Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 24.03.15
 Checked by: Casal, Christine Marie V. - 28.01.03

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Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by dsantos, 20/08/10