Ecology of Valamugil speigleri
Main Ref. Thomson, J.M., 1984
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Valamugil speigleri may be found.
Remarks Shallow-water, schooling species which enter estuaries and freshwaters. Juveniles may be found in rice fields and mangrove swamps (Ref. 9812). Feed on small algae, diatoms, and other organic matter, both living and detrital, taken in with sand and mud. Fries feed on copepods and floating algae. Spawn at sea.


Substrate : mud;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Thomson, J.M., 1984
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref Thomson, J.M., 1984
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 2.20 0.00 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 12.12.00
Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. on 09.17.15
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