Ecology of Heterodontus zebra
 
Main Ref. Compagno, L.J.V., 1984
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Heterodontus zebra may be found.
Remarks A common but little-known shark found on the continental and insular shelves in depths down to at least 50 m. Probably feeds on bottom invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 247). In Japan, preferably near Nagasaki; inhabits rocky regions (Ref. 9137). A carnivore (Ref. 9137). Found in temperate waters where it frequents rocky reefs & kelp forests. Feeds on crustaceans, molluscs, small bony fishes, and sea urchins. Some specimens observed with hyrdroids growing in their teeth (Ref. 12951).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 4.01 0.66 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 10.19.00
Modified by Alava, Moonyeen Nida R. on 09.02.03
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.30.01
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