Ecology of Symphodus melops
Main Ref. Fischer, W., M.-L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.), 1987
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Symphodus melops may be found.
Remarks More or less gregarious, old and young specimens mixed. Feeds mainly on bivalves (Ref. 46112).


Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass;
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Fischer, W., M.-L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.), 1987
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Fischer, W., M.-L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.), 1987
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.38 0.14 3.15 0.35 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Deady, S. and J.M. Fives, 1995
From individual food items 3.32 0.52 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 01.31.91
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 02.22.05
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