Ecology of Anarhichas minor
Main Ref. Sparholt, H., 1990
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Anarhichas minor may be found.
Remarks Inhabits offshore waters over soft bottoms, often with boulders, from 25-590 m, but most common from 100-400 m (Ref. 4694). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mainly on echinoderms, but also crustaceans, mollusks, fishes (Ref. 4694) and worms (Ref. 58426). In Barents sea, it reached at least 80 cm, age 9 years. Preyed upon by cod, pollock, and Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus). Parasites of the species include 1 myxosporidian, 1 cestode, 7 trematodes, 1 hirudinean, 1 crustacean and 1 protozoan, Trypanosoma murmanensis (Ref. 5951).


Substrate Soft Bottom Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associations shoaling;
Associated with
Association remarks Shoaling assumed (with absence of information indicating structured grouping behavior) from large catches near spawning period. Large trawl catches of this species were reported in 1972; such records of large schools are unusual, making these large catches particularly noteworthy as the time of capture was close to the probable spawning season and may have been related to schooling for spawning (Ref. 94882).


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Sparholt, H., 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Sparholt, H., 1990
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.45 0.43
Ref. Munk, P., 2002
From individual food items 3.62 0.51 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 11.28.96
Modified by Hilomen, Teresa on 02.05.14
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