Ecology of Morone saxatilis
 
Main Ref. Ebert, D.A., 1991
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Morone saxatilis may be found.
Remarks Inhabits coastal waters and are commonly found in bays but may enter rivers in the spring to spawn (Ref. 2850). Coastal schooling species and anadromous (Ref. 5951); some populations are landlocked (Ref. 7251). Larvae feed on zooplankton; juveniles take in small shrimps and other crustaceans, annelid worms, and insects; adults feed on a wide variety of fishes and invertebrates, mainly crustaceans (Ref. 1998). Feeding ceases shortly before spawning (Ref. 1998). Juveniles are preyed upon by Atlantic tomcod, Atlantic cod, silver hake and larger striped bass.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref. Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott, 1988
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks Parasites of the species include trematodes, Homalometran pallidum, Lepocreadium setiferoides and Stephanostomum tenue; acanthocephalans, Echinorhynchus gadi and Neoechinorhynchus rutili and a nematode, Philometra rubra (Ref. 5951).
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Ebert, D.A., 1991
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein, 2000
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.65 0.25 4.35 0.72 Troph of adults from 4 studies.
Ref. Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein, 2000
From individual food items 4.47 1.08 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 06.10.91
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.01.07
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 06.04.01
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