Ecology of Thunnus thynnus
Main Ref. Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Thunnus thynnus may be found.
Remarks Bluefin tuna are highly migratory, fast swimmers capable of attaining speeds over 90 km / h (Ref. 88852), moving between cooler feeding grounds and warmer spawning areas (Ref. 88823). Trans-Atlantic movements related to feeding have been reported; juveniles originating from the Mediterranean Sea found in foraging grounds in the eastern coast of the USA (88870), conversely, juveniles originating from the western Atlantic have been found in foraging grounds in the central North Atlantic (88868). In the northeastern Pacific, they tend to migrate northward along the coast of Baja California and California, USA from June to September. Off the Pacific coast of Japan they migrate northward in summer and southward during winter. Large fish may enter the Sea of Japan from the south in early summer and move as far north as the Okhotsk Sea, most leave the Sea of Japan through Tsugara Strait, north of Honshu. Variations in the food spectrum are attributed primarily to behavioral differences in feeding: 'vigorous pursuit' would be required on small schooling fishes (anchovies, sauries, hakes) or on squids, while 'modified filter-feeding' is used to feed on red crabs and other less agile organisms (Ref. 168). Preyed upon by killer whales, Orcinus orca; mako sharks and pilot whales, Globicephala melaena. Parasites found were Hirundinella ventricosa, Hysterothylacium adunca, Hysterothylacium incurvum, Hysterothylacium reliquens, Anisakis simplex, Genitocotyle atlantica, Derogenes varicans, Caligus coryphaenae and Rhapidascaris camura (Ref. 5951).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.45 0.75 4.59 0.87 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Pinkas, L., 1971
From individual food items 4.21 0.80 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Luna, Susan M. on 06.10.91
Modified by Opitz, Silvia on 12.10.11
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