Ecology of Pomacanthus paru
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pomacanthus paru may be found.
Remarks Common in shallow reefs. Usually in pairs, often near sea fans (Ref. 9710). Feed on sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians and tunicates (Ref. 9626). Browser fish (Ref. 33499).

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref. Francini-Filho, R.B., R.L. Moura and I. Sazima, 2000
Associations
Associated with Cleaned by Thalassoma noronhanum observed at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago off northeastern Brazil (Ref. 36301). Cleaned by Elacatinus figaro observed off the coast of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil (Ref. 40102).
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Randall, J.E., 1967
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Rosa, R.S. and R.L. Moura, 1997
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.81 0.00 2.85 0.03 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Feddern, H.A., 1968
From individual food items 3.10 0.26 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.06.95
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.25.08
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 10.23.01
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