Ecology of Mugil curema
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Mugil curema may be found.
Remarks Inhabit sandy coasts and littoral pools but also occurs in muddy bottoms of brackish lagoons and estuaries. Sometimes penetrate rivers. May also be found on coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles are common in coastal waters and are known to find their way to estuaries and coastal lagoons. Growth in juveniles is moderate (30-40 cm in 4 years). Feed on microscopic or filamentous algae and small juveniles of planktonic organisms (Ref. 9626). Juveniles and adults both feed on algae and detritus (Ref. 26987, 33). Herbivore (Ref. 40102). Mud-eaters that swim near the bottom when feeding, and scoop up and ingest portions of substrate containing their food (Ref. 40396).

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: mud;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994

Associations

Ref. Harrison, I.J., 1995
Associations schooling;
Associated with Adults form schools (Ref. 9321).
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly plants/detritus (troph. 2-2.19)
Feeding type ref Randall, J.E., 1967
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit ref Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar, 2004
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.01 0.00 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar, 2004
From individual food items 2.42 0.22 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 04.06.95
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 07.29.08
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 11.08.01
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