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Luciobarbus microcephalus  (Almaça, 1967)

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Luciobarbus microcephalus
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Portugal country information

Common names: Barbo-de-cabeça-pequena, Barbo-de-cabeça-pequena
Occurrence: native
Salinity: freshwater
Abundance: scarce (very unlikely) | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from the Guadiana drainage (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 6376.
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 40.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55769)

Environment

Freshwater; benthopelagic

Climate / Range

Temperate; 44°N - 37°N, 9°W - 1°W

Distribution

Europe: Guadiana drainage in Spain & Portugal; records from the middle Tago in Spain need verification (Ref. 59043). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 6376).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: lateral line with 45-50 + 3 scales; last simple ray spinous, strong, serrated posteriorly along most of its length; posterior edge of dorsal strongly concave, upper part about perpendicular to dorsal profile when fin is stretched; head length 22-27% SL; lower lip thin, lacking median lobe or pad; and lower jaw tip exposed, not covered by lower lip (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits middle course of large, deep rivers with slow current (Ref. 59043). Also occurs in water bodies on low-lying plains, with little current. Feeds on invertebrates and plants (Ref. 26100) and detritus (Ref. 59043). Threatened by habitat destruction, pollution and introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Size reaches up to about 40 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2ce+3ce)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Gamefish: yes

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Stocks
Ecology
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Food items
Food consumption
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
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References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Tools

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.8   ±0.30 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown