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Cyclopterus lumpus  Linnaeus, 1758

Lumpfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Cyclopterus lumpus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cyclopterus lumpus (Lumpfish)
Cyclopterus lumpus
Picture by Aquarium Kiel


Portugal country information

Common names: Peixe-lapa
Occurrence: native
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Stein, D.L., 1986
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cyclopteridae (Lumpfishes)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58426); 42.9 cm SL (female); max. published weight: 9.5 kg (Ref. 4701); max. published weight: 9.5 kg; max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 54207)

Environment

Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 868 m (Ref. 58496), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 4701)

Climate / Range

Polar; 80°N - 32°N, 95°W - 49°E

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Nunavut, Hudson Bay to James Bay and Labrador in Canada to New Jersey in USA; rarely to Chesapeake Bay in USA and Bermuda. Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Iceland and Greenland to Spain (Ref. 4701).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 28 - 29. First dorsal fin present but covered by thick layer of skin forming a characteristic high crest with embedded spines. Bony tubercles present, arranged in 3 widely separated rows of large flattened tubercles on each side of body. Gill openings large, extend- extending below level of upper pectoral fin ray. Pyloric present 36-79. Ventral sucking disc formed by the modified pelvic fin (Ref. 232).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Basically solitary rather than a schooling fish. They exhibit a homing instinct (Ref. 9737). Adults inhabit rocky bottoms but may occur among floating seaweed. They migrate considerable distances in an annual cycle between deeper waters in winter and shallower waters in summer (Ref. 26141). Maximum depth reported at 868 m (Ref. 58426). Epibenthic-pelagic (Ref. 58426). Juveniles are found among algal clumps in bays and fjords moving offshore as they mature (Ref. 96431). During the spawning season the males become reddish in color on the underside, whereas females turn blue-green. Adults feed on ctenophores, medusas, small crustaceans, polychaetes, jelly fish and small fishes. Valued for their eggs, which make an inexpensive caviar (Ref. 9988). Eaten in Nordic countries, marketed fresh or smoked. Male flesh is most demanded and roe is sold fresh (Ref. 35388).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually

More information

References
Aquaculture
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Heritability
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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 1.0000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.9   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.12; tm=3-5; tmax=13; Fec=100,000)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low