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Halobatrachus didactylus  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Lusitanian toadfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Halobatrachus didactylus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Halobatrachus didactylus (Lusitanian toadfish)
Halobatrachus didactylus
Picture by Wirtz, P.


Portugal country information

Common names: Charroco, Manuel-carvalho
Occurrence: native
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: occasional (usually not seen) | Ref: Veiga, P., J. Ribeiro, J.M.S. Gonçalves and K. Erzini, 2010
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Found in Tagus estuary (Ref. 51031). Recorded from the south and southwest coast (Ref. 85184).
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Halstead, B.W., P.S. Auerbach and D.R. Campbell, 1990
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes (Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae (Toadfishes) > Halophryninae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)

Environment

Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 50 m (Ref. 2683)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 45°N - 4°N, 18°W - 17°E

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to Ghana, including the western Mediterranean. Reported from the Gambia River (Ref. 28587).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-21. Caudal fin rounded (Ref.5377).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Sedentary species which occurs on soft sand or mud, often partly buried or concealed in rock crevices, solitary in shallow water. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and small fishes (Ref. 7405). The female lays eggs which are large enough and which are turned over to the males who guard them (Ref. 5377).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4690)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
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Speed
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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 1.0000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.0   ±0.64 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
High vulnerability (59 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown