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Callionymus lyra  Linnaeus, 1758

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Image of Callionymus lyra (Dragonet)
Callionymus lyra
Picture by Aquarium Kiel

Portugal country information

Common names: Peixe-pau-lira
Occurrence: native
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Found in Tagus estuary (Ref. 51031). Also Ref. 75992.
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Fricke, R., 1986
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Callionymidae (Dragonets)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 30.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59122); 25.0 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 72462)

Length at first maturity
Lm 17.4  range ? - ? cm


Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 430 m (Ref. 5968), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)

Climate / Range

Temperate; 16°C - 20°C (Ref. 27115); 65°N - 16°N, 32°W - 32°E


Eastern Atlantic: southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal soft rays: 9. Gill opening dorsal. Usually antrorse (forward-pointing) tip at base of preopercular spine. Rays of second dorsal unbranched except for the last, which is divided at base (Ref. 232). Snout length 2-3 times the diameter of the eye (Ref. 35388).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on sand and muddy bottoms from sublittoral to 200 m (Ref. 6444) and to 400 m or more (Ref. 9900). Feeds on small invertebrates, mainly worms and crustaceans. Territorial, males aggressive with each other. Complex courtship behavior consists of 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt. Pelagic eggs and larvae (Ref. 5968). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Neither opercular spine gland nor anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 4690)

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums

More information

Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.3   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.43-0.47; tmax=6)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)