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Alectis alexandrina  (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)

Alexandria pompano
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Alectis alexandrina   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Alectis alexandrina (Alexandria pompano)
Alectis alexandrina
Picture by Camrrubi, J.-F.


Portugal country information

Common names: Enxada-enxada, Enxareu-enxada, Xareu-enxada
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Bauchot, M.-L., 1987
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27584); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Environment

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 70 m (Ref. 2683)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 42°N - 13°S, 19°W - 36°E

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: off Morocco to Angola (Ref. 4225, 57392), including southern parts of the Mediterranean (Ref. 4225).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-22; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 18 - 20. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, becoming elongate with growth (body depth comprised from 1.3 to 1.8 times in fork length); dorsal profile abrupt; mouth large, upper jaw ending below posterior half of eye; dorsal fin with 7 spines, becoming resorbed and indistinct at about 150 mm fork length, followed by 1 spine and 20-22 soft rays; anal fin with 2 spines, becoming resorbed and indistinct at very small sizes, followed by 1 spine and 18-20 soft rays; 1st dorsal- and anal-fin rays extremely long and filamentous in young individuals, becoming shorter in adults; pectoral fins falcate, longer than head; pelvic fins elongate in young individuals; scales very small and cycloid, hardly visible, absent on some parts of head and body; straight part of lateral line with 4-20 scutes; base of caudal fin with bilateral paired keels (Ref. 57392). Coloration: silvery, with a faint metallic-blue tint on upper third of body and head; juveniles with 5 dark crossbars on sides (Ref. 57392).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults solitary in coastal water near the bottom to at least 50 m and strong swimmers (Ref. 7079, 57392). Juveniles usually pelagic and drifting, sometimes occurring in brackish water (Ref. 4225, 57392). Feed on squid and other fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
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Tools

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.6250 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.6   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=3-4)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High