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Gymnammodytes cicerelus  (Rafinesque, 1810)

Mediterranean sand eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Gymnammodytes cicerelus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnammodytes cicerelus (Mediterranean sand eel)
Gymnammodytes cicerelus
Picture by FAO


Portugal country information

Common names: Galeota-da-areia, Ligeirão
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Wheeler, A., 1979
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist: Portugal
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Wheeler, A., 1979
National Database: Portuguese Freshwater Fishes

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)

Environment

Marine; demersal

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 50°N - 10°N, 18°W - 42°E

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: including the Adriatic, Aegean and Black Sea, Portugal and Senegal. Has also been reported from southern Morocco, Mauritania, and Angola (Ref. 10813).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 53-59; Anal soft rays: 27 - 32; Vertebrae: 64 - 68. Ventrolateral skin-folds extending well beyond pectoral fins to anus. Lateral line branched. Back golden brown or greenish, belly silvery, head usually dark blue.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over shell-gravel and coarse sand bottoms (Ref. 6450).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.6250 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (24 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown