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Labeo rohita  (Hamilton, 1822)

Roho labeo

Philippines country information

Common names: Rohu
Occurrence: introduced
Salinity: freshwater
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: commercial | Ref:
Aquaculture: commercial | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Established in aquaculture through assisted/artificial reproduction. It has not established in the wild (Ref. 1739). Recorded from Candaba Swamp and Pampanga River (Ref. 109918). Reported from Lake Taal (Ref. 13446), also in Laguna de Bay (Ref. 80824).
National Checklist:
Country Information:
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Conlu, P.V., 1986
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987); max. published weight: 45.0 kg (Ref. 9987); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 56)

Length at first maturity
Lm 58.0  range ? - ? cm


Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 4832)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 32°N - 21°S


Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe (Ref. 43281).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rivers (Ref. 4832). Are diurnal species and usually solitary. They burrow occasionally. Feed on plants. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity varies from 226,000 to 2,794,000 depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary. Widely introduced outside its native range for stocking reservoirs and aquaculture. Utilized fresh (Ref. 9987).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes


Special reports

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.2   ±0.12 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=10)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)