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Rhinoptera javanica  Müller & Henle, 1841

Flapnose ray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Rhinoptera javanica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Rhinoptera javanica (Flapnose ray)
Rhinoptera javanica
Picture by Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)


Philippines country information

Common names: Banugan, Ogaog, Paging bungi
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Collected from Bolinao and Puerto Princesa markets (Ref. 47737). Also Ref. 280. In range Ref. 3965.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Compagno, L.J.V., P.R. Last, J.D. Stevens and M.N.R. Alava, 2005
National Database:

Classification / Names

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Rhinopterinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 150 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 9862); max. published weight: 4.5 kg (Ref. 3965)

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated

Climate / Range

Tropical

Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: off Durban, South Africa and ranging north possibly to India, Thailand, Indonesia, and southern China. Reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964). Also in Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 637). Possibly Australia (Ref. 9862).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Double-lobed snout and indented forehead; jaws usually with 7 rows of plate-like teeth; no caudal fin (Ref. 5578). Brown above, white below (Ref. 5578).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in bays, estuaries, and near coral reefs (Ref. 12951), over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 9710). Large schools with up to 500 individuals have been reported (Ref. 12951). Feeds on clams, oysters and crustaceans (Ref. 12951). Lives to over 2 years in captivity (Ref. 12951). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Edible (Ref. 30573). Caught occasionally by bottom trawl, demersal inshore gillnet and tangle net fisheries. Utilized for its meat (Ref.58048).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2d+3cd+4cd)

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 12484)



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5039 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.3   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1-2)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium