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Hemiramphus far  (Forsskål, 1775)

Black-barred halfbeak
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Native range | Year 2100
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Hemiramphus far   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemiramphus far (Black-barred halfbeak)
Hemiramphus far
Picture by Seycek, O.


Philippines country information

Common names: Baguing babae, Balanban, Balang
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: commercial | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known in Calamianes Islands, northern Palawan (Ref. 48613) and Surigao City (Ref. 58652). A specimen was caught by angling off El Nido, FRLM 11770 (Ref. 10558). Also Ref. 393, 2334.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Kimura, S., 1995
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Hemiramphidae (Halfbeaks)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)

Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 18 - ? cm

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 86942)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 35°N - 36°S, 18°E - 159°W

Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Migrated to the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-15; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10 - 12. Greatly prolonged, beak-like lower jaw; upper jaw short, triangular and without scales; preorbital ridge absent; total number of gill rakers on first gill arch 25-36; pectoral fins short, not reaching past nasal pit when folded forward; with 3-9 (usually 4-6) vertical bars on the sides. (Ref. 9843). Color bluish dorsally, silvery on sides. 36-41 predorsal scales. Lower lobe of caudal fin longer than upper lobe. Dorsal and anal fins located posteriorly.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in coastal waters of high islands and continental shorelines; generally in areas rich in vegetation (Ref. 5213) and sand flats (Ref. 48635). Form schools. Adults feed mainly on sea grasses, to a lesser extent on green algae and diatoms (Ref. 9843). Breed in estuaries (Ref. 4164). Marketed fresh and dried salted (Ref. 5284, 9843); meat tasty (Ref. 637). Also caught with dragnets (Ref. 30573) and dipnets.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: occasionally

More information

Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
Morphology
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Larval dynamics
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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5005 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.9   ±0.39 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium