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Phycis phycis  (Linnaeus, 1766)

Forkbeard
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Phycis phycis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Phycis phycis
Picture by Luquet, D.


Greece country information

Common names: Petrasaloúlvardos, Petrosalouvardos, ???????
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12382); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); max. published weight: 3.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Environment

Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 13 - 614 m (Ref. 4517), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 1371)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 45°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Distribution

Northeast Atlantic : Bay of Biscay to Morocco, south to Cape Verde, and including off-lying islands. Also in the Mediterranean and the Azores.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Elongated pelvic-fin rays reaching at most to the origin of the anal fin. Body color is brownish-red dorsally, becoming paler ventrally. Vertical fins distally dark, sometimes with a pale margin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on hard and sandy-muddy bottoms near rocks at 100-650 m, but sometimes taken at greater depths (Ref. 1371). Nocturnal, hiding between rocks during the day (Ref. 1371). Feed on small fish and various invertebrates (Ref. 1371).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Harmless



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial

More information

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.6255 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high