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Muraena helena  Linnaeus, 1758

Mediterranean moray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Muraena helena   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Muraena helena (Mediterranean moray)
Muraena helena
Picture by Patzner, R.


Greece country information

Common names: Smerna, Smérna, Sµ???a
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Bauchot, M.-L., 1986
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Muraenidae (Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12382); common length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 6.5 kg (Ref. 58348); max. reported age: 38 years (Ref. 58348)

Length at first maturity
Lm 75.5, range 69 - ? cm

Environment

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 801 m (Ref. 58348), usually 100 - 300 m (Ref. 58348)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 52°N - 13°N, 32°W - 36°E

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: south of British Isles to Senegal, including the Mediterranean, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, and Cape Verde.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A nocturnal and territorial species (Ref. 12382), commonly lurking in holes, and writhing snakelike through crevices, under rocks or corals. Feeds on fish, crabs and squid (Ref. 12382). It seldom attacks unless provoked (Ref. 3256). A gonochoristic species (Ref. 32169). Utilized fresh and eaten broiled, boiled and baked; the skin can be used for leather (Ref. 9987).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums

More information

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5010 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.2   ±0.61 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=38.1; tm=7.1; K=0.078)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Very high vulnerability (79 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low