Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 380 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)
Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 220 - 240 cm
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 92 m (Ref. 244)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 32°S, 32°E - 140°W (Ref. 244)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa (including Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar) to Philippines, north to Viet Nam, south to Australia. Also from Palau, Marshall Islands, and Tahiti. Recorded from Taiwan (Ref. 4868).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 0. A large, stocky, yellowish shark with a broad, blunt snout, narrow, smooth-cusped teeth in both jaws, and equal-sized dorsal fins (Ref. 5578). Yellowish brown above, paler below (Ref. 9997). With two nearly equally large dorsal fins (Ref. 37816).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.7500 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.1 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1)
Very high vulnerability (81 of 100)