Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5578)
Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 91 - 120 cm
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 20 - 75 m (Ref. 37816)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred ?; 35°N - 25°S, 7°E - 134°W
Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and the Tuamoto Archipelago. North to Japan and south to Australia. Apparently rare or absent in the more easterly groups. Also eastern Mediterranean (through the Suez Canal).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 0. A small shark with a short, bluntly rounded snout, oval eyes, and narrow-cusped teeth; 2nd dorsal fin large; no interdorsal ridge (Ref. 5578). Yellow-brown above, white below; all fins conspicuous with black or dark brown tips also anterior and posterior dark edging on pectoral fins and upper lobe of caudal fin; a prominent black tip of first dorsal fin set off abruptly by a light band below it; a conspicuous dark band on flanks, extending rearward to pelvic fins (Ref. 9997).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.9 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2)
High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100)