Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 95 m (Ref. 55723), usually ? - 25 m (Ref. 42181)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan (Ref. 11441) and the Philippines, south to the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 33390). Also reported from the Saya de Malha Bank (76-95 meters) (Ref. 55723).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 5. Adults are best recognized by the tiny light-blue ocelli scattered over the body, and dark triangle below the eye. Small juveniles have three distinctive white spots along the back (Ref. 48635). A deep quadrangular occipital pit, its anterior edge, as viewed dorsally, with a slight ridge. A low ridge on each side of pit between tympanic and parietal spines. Pectoral rays strongly modally at 17 (Ref 42181).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.2 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100)