Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 290 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)
Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 94 - ? cm
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 54689)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?; 1°N - 40°S, 114°E - 154°E
Indo-Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, south to Australia (including southern Australia and Western Australia). Apparently questionable in Japan and the Philippines (other sources).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 0. Back with light areas between dark saddles marked with dark, light-centered blotches and spots, not reticulated lines (Ref. 13577). Caudal fin with its upper lobe hardly elevated above the body axis, with a strong terminal lobe and subterminal notch but no ventral lobe (Ref. 13577).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5012 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.0 ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100)
High vulnerability (60 of 100)