Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 320 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); common length : 180 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)
Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 248 m (Ref. 106604), usually 0 - 110 m (Ref. 247)
Climate / Range
Temperate, preferred ?; 20°S - 40°S, 113°E - 154°E
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to southern Queensland. Records from Japan and the South China Sea need to be confirmed.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 0. Back dark, with light O-shaped markings obscuring darker saddles (Ref. 13577). Caudal fin with its upper lobe hardly elevated above the body axis, with a strong terminal lobe and subterminal notch but no ventral lobe (Ref. 13577).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5012 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.2 ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=37)
High vulnerability (61 of 100)