Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 270 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3263)
Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 189 - 200 cm
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 44 - 780 m (Ref. 58302), usually 275 - 680 m (Ref. 9914)
Climate / Range
Deep-water, preferred ?; 39°N - 37°S, 20°E - 154°W
Indo-Pacific: South Africa, Mozambique, southern India, east to the Philippines (Ref. 5281), north to Japan and south to Australia. Also reported from the Hawaiian Islands.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
(total): 0. A giant plain stingray with a broadly pointed snout, small eyes and a round disc; tail short with a long caudal fin and a narrow sting; upper surface covered with denticles (Ref. 5578). Grey-black to brownish or purplish-brown above, white below; rear edges of pelvic fins and tail grey; disc edges black, and sting light (Ref. 5578).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 1.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.0 ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100)
Very high vulnerability (85 of 100)