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Gymnapistes marmoratus  (Cuvier, 1829)

Soldier
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Gymnapistes marmoratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnapistes marmoratus (Soldier)
Gymnapistes marmoratus
Picture by Maddern, M.


Australia country information

Common names: Cobbler, Devilfish, Soldier
Occurrence: endemic
Salinity: brackish
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from Western Australia to Victoria, New South Wales, including Tasmania. Also Ref. 4537.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Scott, T.D., C.J.M. Glover and R.V. Southcott, 1974
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Tetrarogidae (Wasp fishes)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 22.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2156); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 2156)

Length at first maturity
Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Environment

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 2 - 26 m (Ref. 33616)

Climate / Range

Subtropical; 10°S - 45°S

Distribution

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to Victoria, New South Wales, including Tasmania.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 4 - 6; Vertebrae: 28. Lack scales (Ref. 33616).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in inshore waters (Ref. 9563). Most active at night, lying motionless during the day. Spawn during August-September and seem to be triggered by an increase in water temperature at the onset of spring. Smaller individuals feed mainly on shrimps and crabs, while bigger ones are piscivorous (Ref. 2156). Adults possess venomous infraorbital, preopercular and dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 33616).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2156)



Human uses

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
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Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
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Tools

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 1.0000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.12; tm=2-4; tmax=14)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
High vulnerability (55 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown