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Centroscymnus crepidater  (Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864)

Longnose velvet dogfish
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Centroscymnus crepidater
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Australia country information

Common names: Black shark, Deepwater dogfish, Golden dogfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: of no interest | Ref: Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Occurs in southern Australia, from Sydney in New South Wales to Perth in Western Australia, including Tasmania and southern seamounts. Most common in 780-1,100 m. By-catch of the Australian orange roughy fishery but not normally utilized (Ref. 6871). Also Ref. 247, 7300.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994
National Database:

Classification / Names

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Issue
As Centroselachus crepidater in Ref. 58085:113; please send taxonomic reference(s) to confirm genus placement.

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 130 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6577); max. reported age: 54 years (Ref. 57506)

Length at first maturity
Lm 75.4, range 82 - ? cm

Environment

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 230 - 1500 m (Ref. 26346)

Climate / Range

Deep-water; 64°N - 57°S, 77°W - 159°W

Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Faeroe Islands along Atlantic slope to Portugal, Senegal, Madeira, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia. Indian Ocean: Aldabra and the Travancore coast of India. Western Pacific: New South Wales, Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: northern Chile.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. Black or blackish brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very long snout, greatly elongated labial furrows that nearly encircle mouth, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with moderately long, oblique cusps, fairly slender body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large lateral trunk denticles with partly smooth, oval, cuspidate crowns in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A fairly common species found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 6871), on or near the bottom (Ref. 5578). Feeds mainly on fish and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with 4-8 young in a litter (Ref. 6871), born at 28-35 cm (Ref. 26346). The flesh is high in mercury; utilized as fishmeal and source of squalene (Ref. 6871).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Poisonous to eat (Ref. 6871)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | BOLDSystems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5313 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.2   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=4-8, tmax=54, tm=9-15)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Very high vulnerability (78 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High