Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?; 32°N - 32°S, 30°E - 132°W
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4420) and east to the Line, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 20 - 24. Scales enlarged above the pectoral-fin base and just behind the gill opening to form a flexible tympanum; scales of caudal peduncle with 2 longitudinal rows of large anterior-projecting spines. No groove in front of eye. Caudal peduncle compressed. Color: dark green to dark brown with oblique curved orange lines on posterior head and body; an oblique band of narrow blue and orange stripes from around the mouth to below the pectoral fin; a large round black blotch around peduncular spines; rays of soft dorsal, anal and pectoral fins orange; caudal fin orange (Ref. 9770).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4420)
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 1.0000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.4 ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100)