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Ctenochaetus binotatus  Randall, 1955

Twospot surgeonfish
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Ctenochaetus binotatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ctenochaetus binotatus (Twospot surgeonfish)
Ctenochaetus binotatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.


Australia country information

Common names: Twospot bristletooth
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Collected from the Lizard Island and One Tree Island, Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 5439). Also Ref. 42056, 37792.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Myers, R.F., 1991
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)

Environment

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 53 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 50 m (Ref. 27115)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 24°N - 34°S, 29°E - 122°W

Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to central New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Not known from the Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, the Gulf, the Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas, Rapa, Pitcairn Islands, and Easter Island.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 24-27; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 22 - 25. Prominent black spot at the rear base of dorsal and anal fins; adults with a bluish ring around the eye (Ref 1602). Dorsal and anal fins dark brown. Caudal fin brown in adults, yellow in young. Edge of lips smooth. Upper teeth usually with 5 denticulations (not including tip). Anterior gill rakers 23-29 (Ref 42056).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral and rubble areas of deep lagoon and seaward reefs. Usually solitary, grazing on surface algae (Ref. 90102). Feeds by scooping film of detritus and unicellular algae (e.g. dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus) that produce ciguatera toxin making this species a key link in the ciguatera food chain (Ref. 1602, 48637). Caught with nets (Ref. 30573).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

Other (Ref. 1602)



Human uses

Aquarium: commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5020 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (22 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium