Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 53 m (Ref. 1602), usually 10 - 50 m (Ref. 27115)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 24°N - 34°S, 29°E - 122°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to central New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Not known from the Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, the Gulf, the Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas, Rapa, Pitcairn Islands, and Easter Island.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 22 - 25. Prominent black spot at the rear base of dorsal and anal fins; adults with a bluish ring around the eye (Ref 1602). Dorsal and anal fins dark brown. Caudal fin brown in adults, yellow in young. Edge of lips smooth. Upper teeth usually with 5 denticulations (not including tip). Anterior gill rakers 23-29 (Ref 42056).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5020 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low vulnerability (22 of 100)