Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 400 m (Ref. 100719)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 36°S, 24°E - 171°E
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Sodwana Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4313) to the Mariana Islands (Ref. 9710), north to Taiwan; Palau and Guam in Micronesia; probably more widespread.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 5. Highly variable in color. Adults 'bearded' with numerous tassels. Juveniles slender with tall dorsal fin (Ref. 48635). Third dorsal spine longest (2.05-2.5) in head; occipital pit absent or very shallow; snout very long (2.7-3.0 in head length); space between opercular spines naked; first dorsal spine short (1.85-2.5) in length of second spine; supraocular and postocular spines broadly joined in adults (only tip of supraocular spine showing) and flaring outward to form a shelf over posterior half of eye (Ref 42181).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.9 ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100)