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Moolgarda engeli  (Bleeker, 1858)

Kanda
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Moolgarda engeli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Moolgarda engeli (Kanda)
Moolgarda engeli
Picture by Randall, J.E.


Australia country information

Common names: Kanda, Kanda mullet
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments:
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes (Mullets) > Mugilidae (Mullets)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9812); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2871)

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 86942)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 25°N - 24°S

Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to the Yaeyamas. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Olive dorsally; flanks and abdomen silvery; fins hyaline (Ref. 9812). Pectoral fins with dark spot dorsally at origin (Ref. 9812).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit shallow protected sandy to muddy areas of reef flats and shallow lagoons while juveniles have been encountered in tide pools (Ref. 205). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Marketed fresh and used as live bait in pole-and-line fishing for tuna (Ref. 9812).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 6362)



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5312 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
2.5   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium