Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 90102)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - ?, preferred ?; 36°N - 36°S, 24°E - 77°W
Indo-Pacific : Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4919) to Panama, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Eastern Pacific: Baja California and the Gulf of California to Panama (Ref. 9349, 11482).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 10 - 11. This species is characterized by the following: The body is generally greenish-brown in color, the back, sides and caudal fin profusely speckled with white spots, and the belly marked with white bars. A single bent lateral line. Body with small spines except around snout and caudal peduncle. Each nostril with two fleshy solid tentacles. Restricted gill opening.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 4690)
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.2 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100)