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Sargocentron cornutum  (Bleeker, 1854)

Threespot squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron cornutum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron cornutum (Threespot squirrelfish)
Sargocentron cornutum
Picture by Randall, J.E.


Australia country information

Common names: Horned squirrelfish, Red-striped squirrelfish, Threespot squirrelfish
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Museum: Western Australia, Scott Reef, NTM 11384-024. Queensland, Great Barrier Reef, Endeavour Reef, ANSP 124216; Escape Reef, AMS I.22575-024, I.22631-008; Lizard I., AMS I.18755-071; Big Hope I., ANSP 123606; One Tree I., AMS I.15685-001 (Ref. 27370).
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 40 m (Ref. 90102)

Climate / Range

Tropical, preferred ?; 20°N - 25°S

Distribution

Western Pacific: Indonesia (including Mentawai Islands), Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Great Barrier Reef. Also reported from Malaysia (Ref. 5756), Tosa Bay, Japan (Ref. 559), and Viet Nam (Ref. 9706).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 9. Stripes black to red above, with thin white interspaces. Black peduncular blotch and additional blotches at soft dorsal and anal fin bases that vary greatly in size between individuals or habitats. Large spine in anal fin blue (Ref. 48635). Alternating broad deep red and narrow silvery stripes on body. 1-6 spinules on posterior edge and 0-1 on anterior of nasal fossa. Preopercular spine 3/4 to nearly equal to orbit diameter. Four (4) oblique rows of scales on cheek. Body depth 2.7-3.0 in SL; head length 2.8-3.0 in SL; snout length 4.4-4.85 in head length; interorbital width 4.3-4.7 in head length; premaxillary groove extending slightly posterior to a vertical at anterior edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone ending in short spine that angles laterally; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; 1-6 spinules at posterior edge of nasal fossa, 0-1 at anterior edge; upper edge of first suborbital bone with a laterally projecting spine near a vertical at the front edge of orbit, followed by a serrated ridge; preopercular spine varying from 3/4 to nearly equal to orbit diameter, 2.85-3.5 in head length; longest dorsal spines 3rd or 4th, 1.8-2.0 in head length; third anal spine 1.1-1.3 in head length (Ref. 27370).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral-rich areas of outer reef slopes and drop-offs to depths greater than 40 m (Ref. 9710). Hides in caves or beneath ledges by day; forage for food at night, mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Spine of preopercle venomous.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)



Human uses

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.6   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (21 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium