Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 300 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 90102)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?
soft rays: 0;
Vertebrae: 138 - 144. Basically white with black blotches and interspaces forming a honeycomb pattern (Ref. 30404, 48635). Some individuals have a near black overall appearance (Ref. 48635). Blotches variable between individuals and size, often in relation to habitat - those in clear coral reefs usually have proportionally less black than those found in turbid waters (Ref. 30404).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4537)
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.2 ±0.64 se; Based on food items.
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Very high vulnerability (85 of 100)