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Pterois volitans  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Red lionfish
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Image of Pterois volitans (Red lionfish)
Pterois volitans
Picture by Patzner, R.


Australia country information

Common names: Butterfly cod, Common lionfish, Featherfins
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Occurs in Western Australia (Ref. 5978), southeast Australia (Ref. 9002), Lord Howe I. (Ref. 8879) and from the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Ref. 75154). Museum: LPPL JIF25 (TGT1339) (Ref. 5978). Also Ref. 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Kuiter, R.H., 1993
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Pteroinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Common names from other countries

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 72479)

Length at first maturity
Lm ?, range 16 - ? cm

Environment

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 55 m (Ref. 30874)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 22°C - 28°C, preferred ?; 43°N - 40°S, 95°E - 130°W (Ref. 55292)

Distribution

Pacific Ocean: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Western Australia (Ref. 27362) in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Marquesas and Oeno (Pitcairn group), north to southern Japan and southern Korea, south to Lord Howe Island, northern New Zealand, and the Austral Islands. Replaced by the very similar Pterois miles from the Red Sea to Sumatra.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6 - 8. Scales cycloid (Ref. 37816). Variable in color, usually in relation to habitat. Coastal species generally darker, sometimes almost black in estuaries. Often with large tentacles above eyes (Ref. 48635).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs from turbid inshore areas to depths of 50 m. Often solitary, they hide in unexposed places at daytime often with head down and practically immobile. Pelagic juveniles expatriate over great distances and the reason for their broad geographical range (Ref. 48635). Hunt small fishes, shrimps, and crabs at night, using its widespread pectorals trapping prey into a corner, stunning it and then swallowing it in one sweep. Dorsal spines are venomous; the sting can be treated by heating the afflicted part and application of corticoids (Ref. 5503). A popular table fish.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 1602)



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
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Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Tools

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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5005 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.4   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High