Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000)
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 150 - 780 m (Ref. 58302)
Climate / Range
Deep-water; 6°C - 13°C, preferred ?; 40°N -
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco, Madeira and Cape Verde to South Africa. Western Atlantic: USA to Brazil. Indo-West Pacific: Tanzania to South Africa, then India and Sri Lanka to the Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea, north to Japan, Fiji and Hawaii, south to the Philippines, Indonesia and western Australia. Eastern Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 4 - 6. Lateral line more or less a continuous trough covered by thin membranous scales, usually lost during capture (Ref. 10482). Second preopercular spine well developed, sub equal or longer than first and third (Ref. 11015). Pectoral rays 20-25, with a mode of 21 in Hawaii, 22 in the eastern Atlantic, and 23 in the western Atlantic (Ref. 11015). Interorbital width 7-9 % SL, narrower than in S. longimanus (Ref. 11015).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.6328 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.5 ±0.56 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10)
Low vulnerability (13 of 100)