Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3145)
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 2 - 15 m (Ref. 27115)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 30°N - 24°S, 39°E - 143°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Tuamoto Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to southern Great Barrier Reef. Not occurring in the Red Sea.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 23 - 26. Color in life dark brown without lines on body or spots on head (one phase is purplish grey); horizontal black band behind upper gill opening absent on juveniles <6 cm SL; elongate purple band may be present anterior to dorsal origin; caudal fin brown; outer third of pectoral fin pale. Species with gizzard-like stomach.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 4795)
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.0 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)