Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9813)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710), usually 2 - 30 m (Ref. 27115)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115), preferred ?; 32°N - 25°S, 97°E - 174°W
Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands and the South China Sea to the Gilbert Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia (Ref. 37816).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 13. Body yellow-orange above to silvery white below; a prominent blackish bar on head, spotted; iris blackish; opercular area silver; dorsal and anal fin spines and rays yellow, spines with white streak. Spines stout and venomous. Preopercular angle 101°-111°. Cheeks fully covered with strong scales. Midline of thorax scaled; scaled pelvic ridges may interrupt scale row pattern. Low rim of anterior nostril expanded posteriorly into a short, broad triangular flap.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Low vulnerability (24 of 100)