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Caranx melampygus  Cuvier, 1833

Bluefin trevally
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Caranx melampygus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx melampygus (Bluefin trevally)
Caranx melampygus
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Australia country information

Common names: Bluefin trevally, Bluefin trevally, Blue-finned trevally
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Recorded from Kenrew Is., Western Australia, and off Lizard Is., Queensland to Seal Rocks, New South Wales (Ref. 7300). Also reported from the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Ref. 75154). Museum: LPPL JIF181, from North West Cape to Darwin (Ref. 5978). Also Ref. 33390.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Johnson, J.W., 1999
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 117 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3280); max. published weight: 43.5 kg (Ref. 4699)

Length at first maturity
Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm

Environment

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 190 m (Ref. 9710)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 30°E - 78°W

Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Ducie Island, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico to Panama (Ref. 9283). Hybrid with Caranx sexfasciatus found in Hawaii (Ref. 58422).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-24; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 17 - 21.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A coastal and oceanic species, associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Juveniles occur seasonally in shallow sandy inshore waters (Ref. 9710). Found in rivers (Ref. 12792). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Occasionally in schools. Feeds mainly on other fishes (Ref. 9283), also crustaceans (Ref. 9710). Often toxic when it reaches a length of more than 50 cm (Ref. 4795). Mainly marketed fresh, but also dried or salted (Ref. 9283). Most common trevally in coral reefs (Ref. 90102).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)



Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.23; tm=2; Fec=49,700)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
High