Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4415)
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 800 m (Ref. 10823)
Climate / Range
Deep-water, preferred ?
Eastern Pacific: Aleutian Islands, Alaska to Baja California, Mexico; Chile (Ref. 9068). Western Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559), New Zealand and Australia (Ref. 6885). Western Indian Ocean: Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4415). Atlantic Ocean, including the Mediterranean (Ref. 4415).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.7500 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.8 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.10)
High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100)