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Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus  (Rüppell, 1837)

Bluestripe herring
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Bluestripe herring)
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.


Australia country information

Common names: Bluestripe herring, Fourspot herring, Goldspot herring
Occurrence: native
Salinity: marine
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Known from Onslow, Western Australia and Murray Is. to Michaelmas Cay, Qld. (Ref. 7300). Also Ref. 33390, 90102.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html
National Fisheries Authority: https://www.csiro.au/
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, J.R. Paxton and G.R. Allen, 2006
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)

Length at first maturity
Lm 10.1, range 7 - 17 cm

Environment

Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 13 m (Ref. 58302)

Climate / Range

Tropical, preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 33°S, 29°E - 178°W (Ref. 188)

Distribution

Indo-Pacific: widespread, East Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius eastward to Japan, eastern Australia, Samoa. Introduced into Hawaii - apparently by accident - where it is now abundant. (most previous data published under the name Herklotsichthys punctatus). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 23. Elongate wing-like scales underneath paired pre-dorsal scales separate it from all other species except H. koningsbergeri and Herklotsichthys Species A, which have prominent black spots on the flank, and Herklotsichthys Species B, which has dusky tips to dorsal and caudal fins and more lower gill rakers. Flank silvery with an electric blue line preceded by two orange spots located on each operculum.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults form schools near mangroves, shallow coastal bays and lagoons during the day and moves further offshore into deeper water by night (Ref. 188, 48635). Known in mills around in large schools under wharves or along sandy beaches in protected bays (Ref. 26367). Are pelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeding occurs mainly at night on zooplankton, chiefly copepods by juveniles, and as adults, on larger prey organisms (chaetognaths, polychaetes, shrimps and small fishes). Breeding occurs on the first year and probably survive only a few months after maturity. Marketed fresh and dried salted (Ref. 188). Usually parceled in leaves and baked in a motu oven. Do not recover quite as quickly as other species of baitfish after heavy fishing (Ref. 26367).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 6362)



Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5002 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.

Resilience (Ref. 69278)
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=2.6)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low vulnerability (15 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low