You can sponsor this page

Neosebastes pandus  (Richardson, 1842)

Rough gurnard perch
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neosebastes pandus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Neosebastes pandus (Rough gurnard perch)
Neosebastes pandus
Picture by CSIRO

Australia country information

Common names: Bighead gurnard perch, Gurnard perch, Gurnard scorpionfish
Occurrence: endemic
Salinity: marine
Abundance: common (usually seen) | Ref: Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: no uses
Comments: Restricted to SW Australia from Gulf St. Vincent (S.A.) to the Houtman Abrolhos Is. (W.A.); at depths to more than 200 m. The report from Port Philip, Victoria cannot be confirmed due to missing specimen and thus, may be incorrect (Ref. 54394). Common on and near rocky reefs, especially in moderately deep waters, but not often taking baits thus consequently rarely seen by fishermen (Ref. 33839). Also Ref. 7300, 54394.
National Checklist:
Country Information: httpss://
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994
National Database:

Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Neosebastidae (Gurnard scorpionfishes)
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL

Main reference

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)


Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 593 m (Ref. 54394), usually 50 - 200 m (Ref. 33839)

Climate / Range

Subtropical, preferred ?; 28°S - 39°S


Eastern Indian Ocean: southern and southwestern coasts of Australia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5; Vertebrae: 26. Diagnosis: Dorsal fin XIII, 8 (9 in 1 of 56 specimens), third spine longest. Anal rays III, 5. Pectoral rays 20-23 (mode 21), distal margin rounded. Pored lateral-line scales 36-43 (40); longitudinal scale series 60-72 (62); scale rows between base of last dorsal spine and lateral line 5-7 (6). Well-developed gill rakers on upper limb 0 or 1 (1), lower limb 4-7 (6), total 5-8 (7); rudimentary gill rakers on upper limb 3-5 (4), lower limb 4-8 (5). Swim bladder weakly bilobed anteriorly and posteriorly, lobes separated by a concavity (length 16% of SL, width 13% of SL). Dorsal profile of snout steep, forming angle of about 65-750 to horizontal axis of head and body. Nasal spine simple, directed upward or slightly forward, length of former approximately equal to or slightly greater than anterior nostril diameter. Posterior margin of premaxilla ascending process reaching or extending slightly beyond level of anterior margin of posterior nostril when mouth closed. Interorbital ridge indistinct; no scales on mid interorbital space, but small embedded scales present on supraorbital above interorbital ridge; interorbital space extremely deep, about one-third to a half of orbit extending above dorsal profile of head. Preocular with a small simple spine, its length less than that of nasal spine. Supraocular ridge with 3-11 pointed spines (sometimes serrated), canted laterally; supraocular ridge much closer to orbit than interorbital ridge in dorsal view; preocular and supraocular spines indistinct in larger specimens. Sphenotic with 3-13 minute pointed spines. Postorbital spine flattened and serrated. Long, narrow and extremely deep transversal occipital pit, not covered with scales. Nuchal and pterotic spines simple (sometimes pterotic spine with 2-4 points), distal margins serrated or smooth; origin of pterotic spine slightly posterior to that of nuchal spine, base slightly smaller than or equal to that of latter. Upper posttemporal spine flattened and serrated; lower posttemporal spine simple (sometimes with 2 points). Supracleithral spine simple. Posterior margin of maxilla not reaching a vertical at posterior margin of orbit; maxilla with scales extending posteriorly from between anterior and posterior lacrimal spines, but no scales on posterior margin. Underside of mandible smooth with 3 distinct pores on each side. Lacrimal ridge distinct with 1-6 points, sometimes smooth; anterior lacrimal spine simple (sometimes with 2 points), directed downward; posterior lacrimal spine with 2-5 points, directed ventroposteriorly; length of anterior lacrimal spine 2 times or more in that of posterior lacrimal spine. Suborbital pit present, front rimmed by a vertical (sometimes oblique) ridge on lacrimal to ventroanterior margin of orbit; no scales on anterior part of suborbital pit; suborbital ridge with 2 pointed spines in line with lacrimal ridge, spines separated at bases, directed backward; a spine sometimes arising from each suborbital spine; suborbital ridge indistinct in larger specimens; embedded scales 3-5 present between ventral margin of orbit and suborbital ridge; suborbital scales not extending onto eye membrane; preopercle with 5 spines (rarely 6 or 7 spines), 4 lower spines simple, lacking a median ridge, uppermost spine with a median ridge and with a spine distally. Length of uppermost preopercular spine less than pupil diameter; upper opercular spine simple, lacking a median ridge; lower opercular spine with a median ridge and a spine arising from latter; pectoral fin long, posterior tip extending well beyond a vertical at middle of base of dorsal-fin soft rays. Small distinct black spots on the lateral surface of head (except opercle), interorbital space, occipital pit, on lateral line and around lateral line posteriorly on body and caudal peduncle (Ref. 54394).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A temperate species found inshore on reefs (Ref. 7300) and on soft substrates (Ref. 9563).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 9563)

Human uses

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

BHL | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record | Fishtrace

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805)
PD50 = 0.5002 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)

Trophic Level (Ref. 69278)
3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives

Resilience (Ref. 69278)

Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)