Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 350 m (Ref. 86942)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, Indonesia, Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga. Recently recorded from Reunion (Ref. 53568).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
spines: 13. Recognized by the black first dorsal fin (Ref. 48636). Body with distinctive black spots. Respiratory valve inside lower jaw with a thread-like brownish appendage and several long filaments around is base. Upper edge of opercle ascending backward. Posterior nostril a slit-like pore or with a very low tubular valve. First dorsal fin with V spines (last one rudimentary). Only 1 basipterygial process. No cirrus on eye (Ref 42788).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.5000 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
4.1 ±0.70 se; Based on food items.
Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100)