Classification / Names
Common names from other countries
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 134 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9801)
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 12 m (Ref. 90102)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred ?
soft rays: 90 - 100. Differs from Paraplotosus butleri in having a shorter dorsal fin and shorter nasal barbels, rounded pectoral fin shape, fewer upper procurrent caudal fin rays, and fewer gill rakers. Differs from P. muelleri in having a shorter dorsal fin and smaller eye (Ref. 31103). Color highly variable, ranging from pale grey or yellowish brown to dark brown, nearly blackish, sometimes with pronounced dark mottling; generally whitish on belly and ventral part of head; fins brown to blackish, frequently darker than body (Ref. 31103).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index
PD50 = 0.6250 many relatives (e.g. carps) 0.5 - 2.0 few relatives (e.g. lungfishes)
3.4 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.)
High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100)