Poecilia reticulata was reported from 71 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 69 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 2 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: South America: Venezuela, Barbados, Trinidad, northern Brazil and the Guyanas. Widely introduced and established elsewhere, mainly for mosquito control, but had rare to non-existing effects on mosquitoes, and negative to perhaps neutral effects on native fishes (Ref. 12217). Africa: Feral populations reported from the coastal reaches of Natal rivers from Durban southwards, as well as in the Kuruman Eye and Lake Otjikoto in Namibia (Ref. 7248). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
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Table 1: Present in 69 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Albania ALB introduced 13686
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 1739
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 44894
North America Barbados BRB native 1739
South America Brazil BRA native 1739
South America Colombia COL introduced 1739
Africa Comoros COM introduced 57749
Oceania Cook Is. COK introduced 1739
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 36880
North America Cuba CUB introduced 27158
Europe Czechia CZE introduced 1739
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Oceania French Polynesia PYF introduced 12792
North America Guadeloupe GLP introduced 91643
Oceania Guam GUM introduced 1739
South America Guyana GUY native 1739
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
Asia Hong Kong HKG introduced 5258
Europe Hungary HUN introduced 59043
Asia India IND introduced 1739
Asia Indonesia IDN introduced 7050
Europe Italy ITA introduced 94493
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 13498
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Africa Madagascar MDG introduced 13333
Asia Malaysia MYS introduced 6095
North America Martinique MTQ introduced 48621
Africa Mauritius MUS introduced 33390
Africa Mayotte MYT introduced 86414
North America Mexico MEX introduced 27639
Africa Namibia NAM introduced 13686
North America Neth Antilles ANT introduced 1739
Europe Netherlands NLD introduced 1739
Oceania New Caledonia NCL introduced 13235
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 54372
Africa Nigeria NGA introduced 1739
Oceania Pac Is Trust Tr PCI introduced 9420
Oceania Palau PLW introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 6096
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 6443
Africa Réunion REU introduced 48660
Europe Romania ROU introduced 59043
Europe Russia RUS introduced 26334
Oceania Samoa WSM introduced 592
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 74657
Africa Seychelles SYC introduced 57749
Asia Singapore SGP introduced 6299
Europe Slovakia SVK introduced 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 6465
Europe Spain ESP introduced 59043
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 6028
Oceania Tahiti TIT introduced 12792
Asia Taiwan TWN introduced 6898
Asia Thailand THA introduced 58915
Asia Timor-Leste TLS introduced 78572
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 11225
Africa Uganda UGA introduced 1739
Europe UK GBR introduced 1739
Asia United Arab Em. ARE introduced 74657
North America USA USA introduced 53249
Oceania Vanuatu VUT introduced 87781
South America Venezuela VEN native 43640
Asia Viet Nam VNM introduced 36625
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR introduced 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF introduced 87775
Africa Zambia ZMB introduced 8600

Table 3: Absent from 2 country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Algeria DZA not established 87900
North America Canada CAN not established 52559

Table 4: Reported from 71 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Albania ALB introduced 13686
Africa Algeria DZA not established 87900
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 1739
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 44894
North America Barbados BRB native 1739
South America Brazil BRA native 1739
North America Canada CAN not established 52559
South America Colombia COL introduced 1739
Africa Comoros COM introduced 57749
Oceania Cook Is. COK introduced 1739
North America Costa Rica CRI introduced 36880
North America Cuba CUB introduced 27158
Europe Czechia CZE introduced 1739
Oceania Fiji FJI introduced 6366
Oceania French Polynesia PYF introduced 12792
North America Guadeloupe GLP introduced 91643
Oceania Guam GUM introduced 1739
South America Guyana GUY native 1739
Oceania Hawaii HWI introduced 5360
Asia Hong Kong HKG introduced 5258
Europe Hungary HUN introduced 59043
Asia India IND introduced 1739
Asia Indonesia IDN introduced 7050
Europe Italy ITA introduced 94493
North America Jamaica JAM introduced 13498
Asia Japan JPN introduced 559
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Africa Madagascar MDG introduced 13333
Asia Malaysia MYS introduced 6095
North America Martinique MTQ introduced 48621
Africa Mauritius MUS introduced 33390
Africa Mayotte MYT introduced 86414
North America Mexico MEX introduced 27639
Africa Namibia NAM introduced 13686
North America Neth Antilles ANT introduced 1739
Europe Netherlands NLD introduced 1739
Oceania New Caledonia NCL introduced 13235
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 54372
Africa Nigeria NGA introduced 1739
Oceania Pac Is Trust Tr PCI introduced 9420
Oceania Palau PLW introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Asia Philippines PHL introduced 6096
North America Puerto Rico PRI introduced 6443
Africa Réunion REU introduced 48660
Europe Romania ROU introduced 59043
Europe Russia RUS introduced 26334
Oceania Samoa WSM introduced 592
Asia Saudi Arabia SAU introduced 74657
Africa Seychelles SYC introduced 57749
Asia Singapore SGP introduced 6299
Europe Slovakia SVK introduced 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 6465
Europe Spain ESP introduced 59043
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 6028
Oceania Tahiti TIT introduced 12792
Asia Taiwan TWN introduced 6898
Asia Thailand THA introduced 58915
Asia Timor-Leste TLS introduced 78572
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 11225
Africa Uganda UGA introduced 1739
Europe UK GBR introduced 1739
Asia United Arab Em. ARE introduced 74657
North America USA USA introduced 53249
Oceania Vanuatu VUT introduced 87781
South America Venezuela VEN native 43640
Asia Viet Nam VNM introduced 36625
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR introduced 26180
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF introduced 87775
Africa Zambia ZMB introduced 8600
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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