Xiphias gladius was reported from 148 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 144 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 4 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139). Mt DNA restriction analysis reveal that genetic differentiation occurs between populations inhabiting the Mediterranean Sea and the tropical Atlantic ocean, indicating little genetic exchange occurring between the two (Ref. 12784).
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Table 1: Present in 144 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Albania ALB native 43
Africa Algeria DZA native 43
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
South America Argentina ARG native 43
North America Aruba ABW native 43
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 6390
Asia Bangladesh BGD native 43
North America Belize BLZ native 43
Africa Benin BEN native 43
Europe Bosnia Herzegov. BIH native 43
South America Brazil BRA native 36453
Europe Bulgaria BGR native 43
Africa Cameroon CMR native 43
North America Canada CAN native 11980
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 43
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 43
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
South America Chile CHL native 43
Asia China CHN native 43
South America Colombia COL native 43
Africa Comoros COM native 43
Africa Congo COG native 43
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD native 43
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 43
North America Costa Rica CRI native 43
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV native 43
Europe Croatia HRV native 43
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 43
Asia Cyprus CYP native 43
Europe Denmark DNK native 43
Africa Djibouti DJI native 43
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
Africa Egypt EGY native 43
North America El Salvador SLV native 43
Africa Eritrea ERI native 43
Oceania Fiji FJI native 12596
Europe France FRA native 43
South America French Guiana GUF native 43
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 43
Africa Gabon GAB native 43
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 26352
Africa Gambia GMB native 43
Asia Georgia GEO native 43
Europe Germany DEU native 43
Africa Ghana GHA native 43
Europe Greece GRC native 43
North America Grenada GRD native 43
Oceania Guam GUM native 43
North America Guatemala GTM native 43
Africa Guinea GIN native 43
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 43
South America Guyana GUY native 43
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 43
North America Honduras HND native 43
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 43
Asia Iran IRN native 43
Europe Ireland IRL native 43
Asia Israel ISR native 43
Europe Italy ITA native 43
North America Jamaica JAM native 27228
Asia Japan JPN native 559
South America Juan Fernández JFI native 33693
Africa Kenya KEN native 43
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 43
Asia Korea (South) KOR native 77001
Asia Lebanon LBN native 43
Africa Liberia LBR native 43
Africa Libya LBY native 43
Africa Madagascar MDG native 43
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Europe Malta MLT native 33971
Oceania Marquesas Is. MQS native 43
Africa Mauritania MRT native 43
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
North America Mexico MEX native 43
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 43
Europe Monaco MCO native 43
Europe Montenegro MNE native 43
Africa Morocco MAR native 43
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 43
Asia Myanmar MMR native 43
Africa Namibia NAM native 36731
Europe Netherlands NLD native 43
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 11897
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 5755
North America Nicaragua NIC native 43
Africa Nigeria NGA native 43
Oceania Niue NIU native 43
Europe Norway NOR native 43
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 43
Oceania Palau PLW native 10494
North America Panama PAN native 43
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
South America Peru PER native 43
Asia Philippines PHL native 43
Europe Portugal PRT native 43
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 43
Europe Romania ROU native 43
Europe Russia RUS native 43
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 43
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Senegal SEN native 43
Africa Seychelles SYC native 43
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 43
Europe Slovenia SVN native 27929
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 43
Africa Somalia SOM native 43
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4332
Europe Spain ESP native 43
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 43
Africa St Helena SHN native 43
Africa Sudan SDN native 43
South America Suriname SUR native 43
Europe Sweden SWE native 30402
Asia Syria SYR native 43
Oceania Tahiti TIT native 43
Asia Taiwan TWN native 43
Africa Tanzania TZA native 43
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Africa Togo TGO native 43
Oceania Tokelau TKL native 43
Oceania Tonga TON native 43
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 43
Africa Tunisia TUN native 43
Asia Turkey TUR native 57855
Oceania Tuvalu TUV native 12596
Europe UK GBR native 43
Europe Ukraine UKR native 43
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 43
South America Uruguay URY native 43
North America USA USA native 43
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 43
South America Venezuela VEN native 43
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Asia Yemen YEM native 43

Table 2: Possible in 4 countries/islands (stray, questionable)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Estonia EST stray 52079
Europe Latvia LVA stray 36252
Europe Lithuania LTU stray 36252
Europe Poland POL stray 36252

Table 4: Reported from 148 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Europe Albania ALB native 43
Africa Algeria DZA native 43
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
South America Argentina ARG native 43
North America Aruba ABW native 43
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 6390
Asia Bangladesh BGD native 43
North America Belize BLZ native 43
Africa Benin BEN native 43
Europe Bosnia Herzegov. BIH native 43
South America Brazil BRA native 36453
Europe Bulgaria BGR native 43
Africa Cameroon CMR native 43
North America Canada CAN native 11980
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 43
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 43
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
South America Chile CHL native 43
Asia China CHN native 43
South America Colombia COL native 43
Africa Comoros COM native 43
Africa Congo COG native 43
Africa Congo Dem Rp COD native 43
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 43
North America Costa Rica CRI native 43
Africa Cote d'Ivoire CIV native 43
Europe Croatia HRV native 43
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 43
Asia Cyprus CYP native 43
Europe Denmark DNK native 43
Africa Djibouti DJI native 43
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
Africa Egypt EGY native 43
North America El Salvador SLV native 43
Africa Eritrea ERI native 43
Europe Estonia EST stray 52079
Oceania Fiji FJI native 12596
Europe France FRA native 43
South America French Guiana GUF native 43
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 43
Africa Gabon GAB native 43
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 26352
Africa Gambia GMB native 43
Asia Georgia GEO native 43
Europe Germany DEU native 43
Africa Ghana GHA native 43
Europe Greece GRC native 43
North America Grenada GRD native 43
Oceania Guam GUM native 43
North America Guatemala GTM native 43
Africa Guinea GIN native 43
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 43
South America Guyana GUY native 43
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 43
North America Honduras HND native 43
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 43
Asia Iran IRN native 43
Europe Ireland IRL native 43
Asia Israel ISR native 43
Europe Italy ITA native 43
North America Jamaica JAM native 27228
Asia Japan JPN native 559
South America Juan Fernández JFI native 33693
Africa Kenya KEN native 43
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 43
Asia Korea (South) KOR native 77001
Europe Latvia LVA stray 36252
Asia Lebanon LBN native 43
Africa Liberia LBR native 43
Africa Libya LBY native 43
Europe Lithuania LTU stray 36252
Africa Madagascar MDG native 43
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Europe Malta MLT native 33971
Oceania Marquesas Is. MQS native 43
Africa Mauritania MRT native 43
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
North America Mexico MEX native 43
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 43
Europe Monaco MCO native 43
Europe Montenegro MNE native 43
Africa Morocco MAR native 43
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 43
Asia Myanmar MMR native 43
Africa Namibia NAM native 36731
Europe Netherlands NLD native 43
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 11897
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 5755
North America Nicaragua NIC native 43
Africa Nigeria NGA native 43
Oceania Niue NIU native 43
Europe Norway NOR native 43
Asia Oman OMN native 11441
Asia Pakistan PAK native 43
Oceania Palau PLW native 10494
North America Panama PAN native 43
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
South America Peru PER native 43
Asia Philippines PHL native 43
Europe Poland POL stray 36252
Europe Portugal PRT native 43
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 43
Europe Romania ROU native 43
Europe Russia RUS native 43
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 43
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Senegal SEN native 43
Africa Seychelles SYC native 43
Africa Sierra Leone SLE native 43
Europe Slovenia SVN native 27929
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 43
Africa Somalia SOM native 43
Africa South Africa ZAF native 4332
Europe Spain ESP native 43
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 43
Africa St Helena SHN native 43
Africa Sudan SDN native 43
South America Suriname SUR native 43
Europe Sweden SWE native 30402
Asia Syria SYR native 43
Oceania Tahiti TIT native 43
Asia Taiwan TWN native 43
Africa Tanzania TZA native 43
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Africa Togo TGO native 43
Oceania Tokelau TKL native 43
Oceania Tonga TON native 43
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 43
Africa Tunisia TUN native 43
Asia Turkey TUR native 57855
Oceania Tuvalu TUV native 12596
Europe UK GBR native 43
Europe Ukraine UKR native 43
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 43
South America Uruguay URY native 43
North America USA USA native 43
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 43
South America Venezuela VEN native 43
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 46893
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Asia Yemen YEM native 43
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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